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Macro & Microeconomics Essay

1. Explain expansionary and contractionary (monetary policy). Include an explanation how these policies are used to correct recession and inflation in the economy. 2. Expalain how monetary fiscal policies are mixed together in order to meet long term
Government wants an expansionary monetary policy, the Central bank would ask the commercial banks to print fancy stamped papers with net amounts written (known as BONDS) and sell them to Central Bank. The central bank would buy the bond and pay the commercial bank money for the bond. Thus, this money is used by the commercial banks to make more credit as they give out this money to buyers. These people spend, Example, Mr. X borrowed $90 and bought a Dell Computer, now Dell would deposit the $90
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2008 Financial Crisis
Financial crisis of 2008-09 provides the best-case scenario through which finance provides a utility solution to the problem. It provides an elaborate way through which the entire system of accounting and finance put into task the realization of the future economic goals and gains. Various parameters apply both in the short term and in the long run to control the stalemate. The banking sector is also taken in to consideration concerning financing and payment services to control of the crisis.
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Essay
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1. What Role Should the European Central Bank Play in the Current European Financial or Public Debt Crisis
Has not helped in solving the continents problems, however, it helped in boosting the confidence of potential investors who now perceive the economies that were largely in debt as experiencing slow growths in their activities. This move has additionally helped in preventing the collapse of the economies of some member countries along with keeping the European currency stable in the global monetary markets.The union’s central bank should establish legal instruments such as the European
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Essay
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1.The economic rationale for road pricing is compelling, Institute for Fiscal Studies, May 2012. Critically discuss this statement
And the economy suffers while in the booming situation frequent traveling not only creates more job opportunities but also contributes in strengthening the transport system. The road transportation is more popular where people tend to find the less costly method of transportation. The road transportation facilities are characterized by monopolistic competition which revolves around the conditions of supply and demand. The products or the services offered in the monopolistic competitive market
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2.Assume that commuters regard bus journeys as an inferior good and car journeys as a normal good. Using indifference curves illustrate and explain how a rise in incomes will affect the use of these two modes of transport. (NB Plot bus journeys on the ho
In constructing indifferent curve, it is assumed that, the more you consume a product the more utility you get and individuals are able to make choices and decide preference of one good over another. Individuals prefer more consumption and individuals are rational in making their choices (Tucker, 2011, Pg 15)Shape of indifference curves differs from type of goods. Negative slope of the indifference curve shows that more of goods is preferred than less. Convex to the origin indicates a
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3) Compare and contrast alternative views on the nature and possible causes of unemployment and evaluate the effectiveness of demand and supply management policies to combat it
In terms of involuntary unemployment there exist different categories with the most common types being classical, structural or mismatch, frictional also known as turnover and cyclical types of unemployment (Anderson, 1977; 29). In cases where the wage rates are not flexible there will be a further cause of unemployment called the wait.Cyclical or demand deficient type of unemployment refers to a situation where the rate of employment is entirely dependant on employment rates. According to
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1.To what extent is the hypothesis that there will eventually be convergence of living standards across the world supported by theoretical and empirical research
This at some point, if properly analysed, would surpass the prevailing living standard of some well-off countries and states. This therefore suggests that the convergence of other aspects of living standards may not potentially and positively reflect on the per capita incomes to grow faster in poor countries than in rich nations.Regarding this, the proponent of this paper tries to understand up to what extent is the hypothesis that there will eventually be convergence of living standards across
Pages: 10 (2500 words), Essay
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1.Explain the theoretical relationship between exchange rate volatility and international trade and evaluate the empirical evidence to judge whether theory is borne out in practice
34) has argued that higher exchange rate volatility results in a higher cost for risk-averse traders, and in turn negatively affects international trade. This is indicated by a decrease in the volume of trade for most commodities. The exchange rate is determined at the time an investor signs the trade contract, which means that future delivery happens when the investor has already confirmed the payment. However, IMF (2004, pg. 38) has argued that the fluctuation exchange rate is unpredictable,
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2.Critically discuss the balance of payments of any ONE of the following countries over the last 10 years. Be careful to show what you think the impact of changes in the exchange and interest rates have been over the same period; UK, EU, Japan, China an
In health care, improving patient and user choices are perceived different in accomplishment of healthcare systems objectives. However, it has become a key concern for most nations so that they get to direct their future in health and public services in regard to patients wants. According to Fotaki, offering patient choice in England is viewed as an attempt to address the failure of the pre-existing policies that had been operational in providing equitable and high quality services to the
Pages: 8 (2000 words), Essay
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1.It may sound strange that Chinese firms are turning to Bangladesh to make clothes, not least because China is the global leader in clothing manufacturing and exports. But the shift is happening for very obvious reasons. BBC new 29/08/2012. Using
A textile producer in Bangladesh was quoted as saying that a few years back, only five percent of his factory’s output was for the Chinese markets. However in recent times, this figure has gone up to as much as twenty percent and analysts have forecasted that in the coming five years, the exports of Bangladeshi ready-made clothes to China would reach a figure of around five hundred million dollars.The question that now comes in mind is that what is it that has caused so many textile firms to
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1.China and India are industrializing rapidly in the current global economy. Discuss the factors that contributed to the growth of these economies and evaluate the prospects and challenges of these economies in the future
Afan (2013) indicated that increasing incomes trigger structural transformation in the agricultural sector and food industry as the economy encounters changes in demand and consumer preferences. Concomitantly the effects will impact on trade, business and investment. Both global economic giants have undergone positive growth in the agricultural sector, followed by fast-developing industrial sectors and a huge slump in relative poverty. Das (2012) pointed to the difference in the preconditions
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4705 hw 8 and 9
Is closely located to the Eurozone geographically compared to Comoros. This makes it easier for Latvia to join the Eurozone than Comoros. Comoros’ major trading partner is the United States which is not part of the Eurozone countries. This will create a challenge for Comoros in its quest for integration with the Eurozone.
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2101W Assignment 2
With the advent of Cluniac reforms, monasteries were being reformed, where monastic houses were being transferred under the direct leadership of papacy from being placed under the feudal control. The conflict taking place between the Popes and German states further gave rise to the Investiture Controversy which lasted till 1122. This ultimately increased the complexities in the legal environment of Germany, which further augmented the discrepancies within trade relations of German empires and
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Essay
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1.An assessment of the economic impact of the 2012 Olympics on London
The other amount was to be shared among tax costs, policing and wider security and contingency among others. Even so, as the even neared, there were reports of the government running far beyond the budget, King (2012) estimating this at £2 billion some fifty days to the event. Finally, the government spent between £14 billion and £20 billion (Greyser & Kogan 2013), security provisions having escalated the budget significantly. With such massive expenditure, it would be critical to understand
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2.An optimal model for health care
The health care sector is expected to be easily accessible by all people in the country, irrespective of their economic and social background. In this case, the particular management system arrived at should make accessibility to health care services easy and convenient for all people. In this case, the system should have the capacity to create health care centers in all places where all people can access them easily.Cost is also an important consideration, the health care system management is
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10 short question for Chinese Economy
In the 19th century, the Chinese were reluctant to adopt foreign technology as the Americans did. Another factor resulting to the poor entrepreneurship is the heredity system that passes the family assets to all sons instead of the eldest son. This puts less pressure to the younger siblings to engage in new business opportunities. China has a poor management entrepreneurship system where the ability of business enterprises is limited in adjusting the outputs and inputs in respect to the
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3. Using what you have learnt about supply and demand analysis in this course, describe and explain the market for the Apple Ipad Air. [Note: Students should note that this is not a macroeconomic analysis]
IPad air is one of the latest introductions in the Apple iPad family that has significantly captured the attention of the global media. This is the lightest version of the iPad having a total mass less than a pound. It has advanced features like a retina display function which allows customers to have a better experience with the camera and other visual features. It has the smallest width of 7.5 mm making it one of a kind (Apple Inc. It runs on the iOS 7 software and has 22% less weight than
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2014 FOMC Meetings
The existing fiscal policy is seen to be pulling down economic activities, but it is losing its strength with time.With reduced unemployment rates, the committee sees a risk of inflation though it will be maintained at the committee’s objective of 2%. In the statement, the committee confirms that the target rate for the funds will remain to be 0 to 1/4 percent if the unemployment rate will stay 6-1/2 percent. However, the inflation rate is expected to be above the committee’s objective rate
Pages: 12 (3000 words), Essay
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1.Is their any evidence that the gains from globalization have been unequally distributed, leading to an increase in global inequality Critically evaluate the theoretical gains from globalisation and evaluate the data on inequality between countries. Ar
On the other hand, essay highlights the contribution of globalisation in enhancing economic inequality among different countries based on various factors such as poverty index, the employment rate, trade, production, Gross Domestic Income and social aspects.The economy of the world has progressively become unequal over the previous centuries. The increase in the global economy entails various encompasses an increase in international trade, migration and advancement in technology (Ghauri and
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8: Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of Base of the Pyramid approaches to provide solutions to a) climate change, b) extreme poverty and c) human rights. In each case ( a, b, and c) , propose an alternative approach that can be used by businesses
Of a given quantity of identically tradable goods and/ or services (transnationally) subsequently providing a homogenous comparison of the prevailing real prices (London & Stuart, 2010:13/14). Accordingly, PPP provides a crude, albeit effective measure essential in the division of the global population into their specific income levels. To be noted however is that over time, different BoP proponents have diversely articulated the prevailing PPP lines; informed by the prevailing economic
Pages: 12 (3000 words), Essay
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