When Charles II formed a colony in America, he gave Locke the duty of writing up a constitution. Later on, this constitution, more famously known as the Carolina Constitution and would be used by America’s Founding Fathers as a model for their Constitution. In the year of 1674, Lord Ashley got involved in a conspiracy against Charles II’s brother. Though Locke was in France then due to health reasons, even he was accused of being one of the co-conspirators. Even after Locke returned to England after five years, he was forced to flee to Holland in 1683, one year after the death of Lord Ashley. Though many term this to be a self-imposed exile, it cannot be refuted that Locke’s life was seriously in danger. During his stay in Holland, Locke formed friendship with many other exiled English revolutionaries who were biding their time to topple the English government. Finally, in the Glorious Revolution of 1688, the English revolutionaries led by the William of Orange toppled the government and Princess Mary donned the crown.Locke was made the Comissionary of Appeal in 1689 and published a “Letter Concerning Toleration”. In 1690, he authored the controversial papers “Two Treatise of Government” and “An Essay Concerning Human Understanding”. He wrote large works about the economy and in 1692, he assisted in restoring the board of trade where he served as an influential member until 1700. His book “Some Thoughts Concerning Education” was published in 1693. In 1704, he passed away in his residence in Oates of Essey where he had lived since 1691.The fundamental ideas of Lockes philosophy are presented in An Essay Concerning Human Understanding (1690). According to Locke all our ideas be it simple or complex, are derived from experience. The consequence of this empiricist approach means that the scope of knowledge gets acutely limited in its dimension. However, Locke tried to overcome this lack by suggesting that a proper application of our cognitive capacities should be enough to guide our action in the practical conduct of life.Interestingly, Locke chose to publish his political writings anonymously in order to avoid controversy. The First Treatise of Civil Government (1690) has a detailed refutation of the monarchist theories of Robert Filmer; where as the Second Treatise of Government offers a systematic account of the foundations of
1. Harrison, Ross. Hobbes, Locke, and Confusions Masterpiece: An Examination of Seventeenth Century Philosophy. Cambridge, 2002.
2. Locke, John (ed. Richard Cox). Second Treatise of Government (1690). Published by Harlan Davidson, 1982.
3. Madison, James. The Papers of James Madison. Edited by William T. Hutchinson et al. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, Volume 1, Chapter 16, Document 23.
4. Nozick, Robert. Anarchy, State, and Utopia. New York: Basic Books, 1974.
5. Robinson, Dave; and Judy Groves. Introducing Political Philosophy. London: Icon Books. 2003.
6. Rousseau, George S. Nervous Acts: Essays on Literature, Culture and Sensibility. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004.
7. Waldron, Jeremy. God, Locke and Equality: Christian Foundations of Lockes Political Thought. Cambridge, 2002
Please type your essay title, choose your document type, enter your email and we send you essay samples