It is reported that long before European colonizers came to the North American continent with their own languages and culture, the land was occupied by indigenous languages (Higham, 1992). Despite the rich cultural and language diversity in ancient days, the United States had a vision of a common language. The nation’s founders did not adopt an official language or even instituted any government body to oversee. Various theoretical perspectives have tried to explain the historical events and development of policies of language. Kloss (1998) emphasizes that some policies have been somehow tolerant for the immigrants speaking languages of the European immigrants such as the German language. He further explained that the factors behind the today’s official English movement were present way before America’s independence over two centuries ago. In simple terms, nothing much has changed in regard to official English language since then. Other theorists interpreted that the poor language minorities were always getting the short end of the stick as a result of so many beliefs that promoted assimilation and not pluralism.As much as the theorists try to explain more about bilingual education, it is vividly clear that both 18th and 19th centuries were characterized by no consistency and with contradictions in regard to ideology and policies. Some states are said to have published official documents using the languages of the minority, but the United States Congress did not oblige to do so. Some of the American states approved bilingual education, whereas others emphasized on English-only instruction. It has become a controversial item in the United States where there are those in support of bilingual education and at the same time those opposing it. Those advocating for its claim that the bilingual education is almost practiced in any nation around the world and that it boosts language development. Others who oppose it claim that it is not effective and promotes divisions among people in the society
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