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Islamic Physical Science in the Golden Age Essay Example

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Islamic Physical Science in the Golden Age

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This system is still in use as of today and forms the very basis of modern mathematics. It would not be wrong to say that he laid the basis for everyday mathematics we use today. His book “The Compendious Book on Calculation and Balancing” in almost 830 AD, explained detailed calculations and basic functions of equations, addition and subtraction (Brezina 44). His equations form the basis of Algebra and he explained the way to balance equations by diving and multiplying. These equations were used in everyday problems and laid foundation for next generation Muslim scientists to perfect Algebra and expand its implications. He introduced the system of square and roots. Furthermore, he made tables for value of sine and cosine and made trigonometry (Houtsma 413). For most part, this trigonometry is unchanged and still in use today, which has uses in construction, navigation and mapping systems to name a few. His work was translated and spread across Europe. He also contributed towards geography and astronomy.Al Uqlidisi published his work about a century later than Al Khwarizmi. He worked as a publisher in Baghdad. His main contribution towards mathematics was the introduction of decimal system in about 952 AD. He perfected the use of numerals with decimals and also introduced fractions (Chabert et al. He expanded the work by Al Khwarizmi. His contribution paved way for exact values and fractions to be used by next generation of Muslim scientists. In simple, he filled in the missing pieces in work before him and made arithmetic in its modern form. He laid groundwork for modern calculations. Imagine scientists from the European Renaissance achieving results without this base of mathematics provided by the Muslims in this Golden Age.Muslim scientists had particular interest in astronomy as it related to their religion. The prayer times are related with the phases of the sun and this encouraged them to explore the field. Tables were made to predict the timings and phases of the sun. Furthermore, the Islamic calendar system was based on the phases of the moon. The most contributing factor to the development of the field, however, was the basics of astronomy mentioned in the Quran. This factor led to the track of a solar year that was determined by the Muslims to a degree of astonishing accuracy. Before the Muslim scientists

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Works Cited

Mohamed, Mohaini. Great Muslim Mathematicians. Johor Darul Tazim: Penerbit, 2000. Print.

Brezina, Corona. Al-Khwarizmi: The Inventor of Algebra. New York: The Rosen Publishing Group, 2006. Print.

Houtsma, M. E.J. Brill’s First Encyclopedia of Islam 1913-1936. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1987. Print.

Chabert, Jean, et al. A History of Algorithms: From the Pebble to the Microchip. New York: Springer, 1999. Print.

Thurston, Hugh. Early Astronomy. New York: Springer, 1996. Print.

North, John. Cosmos: An Illustrated History of Astronomy and Cosmology. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2008. Print.

Saliba, George. A History of Arabic Astronomy: Planetary Theories During the Golden Age of Islam. New York: New York University Press, 1994. Print.

Selin, Helaine. Encyclopedia of the History of Science, Technology and Medicine in Non-Western Cultures. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1997. Print.

Bosworth, Clifford and M. Asimov. History of Civilizations of Central Asia. New Delhi: Shri Jainendra Press, 2003. Print.

Scheppler, Bill. Al-Biruni: Master Astronomer and Muslim Scholar of the Eleventh Century. New York: The Rosen Publishing Group, 2006. Print.

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preview essay on Islamic Physical Science in the Golden Age
  • Pages: 6 (1500 words)
  • Document Type: Essay
  • Subject: Unsorted
  • Level: Masters
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