These campaigns served to make the people realize that the unauthorized downloading of music files and movies from the Internet was tantamount to theft. Piracy is a pervasive global crime. The Internet introduced a novel digital threat to legitimate copyright holders; and the illegal duplication of DVDs and CDs has proliferated, with Russia and a large number of Asian countries, emerging as the principal infringers (Mcclintock).The entertainment industry suffers grievously from piracy in several forms. Piracy poses a major threat to the very existence of the entertainment industry. It deprives copyright owners of their legitimate revenue. The threat of CD – Rom piracy is increasing rapidly in the US. For instance, in 1995 alone, the anti – piracy law enforcing officials had confiscated nearly 25,000 pirated CD - ROMs (US: 1995 Anti-piracy statistics).The 1995 piracy rate had increased by 72% in comparison to 1994. This depicted the rapid growth of piracy, despite the enactment of several pieces of legislation against it. The RIAA had stated that the seized CD - ROMs were principally unauthorized duplications of DJ musical mixes (US: 1995 Anti-piracy statistics).Software piracy is increasing rapidly across the globe. From a 35% rate of software piracy in 2006, it had increased to 38% in the year 2007. The estimated loss on account of this increase in software piracy was $47. During that period the rate of piracy had decreased in 64 nations. Only eleven countries had shown an increase in the rate of piracy. This has been attributed to the sudden increase in the use of personal computers in those nations, during that period. This increase has been held responsible for increase in international software piracy (Muralla).Illegal music files downloading and P2P file – sharing pose a grave threat to the music and software industries. The latter lost a major portion of their profits, due to decreased sales consequent to these activities. The International Federation of Phonographic Industries had estimated the annual loss, due to piracy to be of the order of billions of dollars such, illegal downloading had decreased considerably during the past few years; because the people exhibited a preference for downloading legal and licensed material. In this connection, the International
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