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Main Theories and Applications of International Relations Essay Example

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Main Theories and Applications of International Relations

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Main Theories and Applications of International Relations. To have a grasp of all kind of contacts among nations, scholars have proposed theories. A theory is a set of ideas, a perception or speculation as opposed to action based on profound observation by significant scholars and philosophers. It is instrumental for a certain concept to be established as an established fact. Philosophers professing respective theory make out only positive side of the theory and ignore dark side of their respective theory altogether. Similarly, in international relations scholars consider their respective theories as applicable to the discipline and negate other school of thoughts. Main theories of international relations are realism and liberalism. But according to Snyder (2004 p52) the three most popular theories are realism, liberalism and constructivism.

Theory of constructivism has also gained popularity in recent times in international relations. Further, institutionalism, Marxism, functionalism and feminism are inconsistent ways of thinking, playing major role in international relations’ comprehension. These theories are helpful in making international relations a conceptual domain to understand nature of contacts among nations. They also help shape foreign policies and plan economic interaction and make defence and military strategies coupled with their successful execution and management. One of the dominant theories of international relations since the inception of this discipline is theory of realism. Early writers such as Thucydides, Machiavelli and Rousseau are said to be among the supporters of this theory (Jackson 2005 p7). Realists believe that nation states are the main actors in international politics (Snyder 2004 p59). These scholars assume that nation-states, particularly sovereign ones, being unitary in form and geographically based are the main characters of the international system having no central authority to govern them. As a result, in the absence of a central governing body, there prevails a state of disorder and ushers power struggle among nations in pursuance of their national interests. . Main Theories and Applications of International Relations.

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References

Burchil, S. and Linklater, A. (2005) "Introduction" Theories of International Relations”, ed. Scott Burchil Palgrave 1, 6

Snyder, J. (2004) One World, Rival Theories, Foreign Policy, 145, 52, 55, 59

Jackson, R. (2005) ‘Classical and modern thought on international relations’, 7

Brian C. S. (1998) ‘The political discourse of anarchy: a disciplinary history of international relations’, 219

Sutch, P. E. (2006) ‘Juanita, International Relations: The Basics, Routledge’, 11

Lamy, S. (n.d) Contemporary Approaches: Neo-realism and neo-liberalism in "The Globalisation of World Politics, Baylis, Smith and Owens, OUP, 4th ed, 127.

Jackson, R and Sorensen, G. (2006) Introduction to International Relations: Theories and Approaches, 3rd Edition, 168

Barnett, M. (n.d) "Social Constructivism" in The Globalisation of World Politics, Baylis, Smith and Owens, 4th ed, OUP, 162.

Alder, E. (1997) ‘Seizing the middle ground, European Journal of International Relations’, Vol .3, 319

Cox, R. (1981) ‘Social Forces, States and World Orders: Beyond International Relations Theory Cox Millennium - Journal of International Studies. 10: 126-155

Soccol, B and Darin, M (2009) ‘Relations internationales 2009-2010’, 113, 117

Podnay, A.H. (2010) ‘Brotherhood of Kings: How International Relations Shaped the Ancient Near East’, 332, 335

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preview essay on Main Theories and Applications of International Relations
  • Pages: 15 (3750 words)
  • Document Type: Essay
  • Subject: Other
  • Level: Undergraduate
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