Locke and Hobbes share somewhat similar beliefs in the role of education and they also think that education is “natural” to the strengths of the people and critical to the formation of civil society. Locke believes that all people deserve an education. Like Hobbes, he shares the belief in the natural aspects of education, such as the parents are mainly in charge of the education of their children, but the state is also responsible for the general education of the society: “This government over him only prepared him the better and sooner for it.” Hobbes also believes that there will be natural differences in educational levels, because of differences in passions and intelligence, as mentioned in the Leviathan: “The causes of this difference of wits are in the passions, and the difference of passions proceedeth partly from the different constitution of the body, and partly from different education.” Indeed, I agree with Hobbes and Locke that education is natural, in the sense that people of different bits of intelligence and passions will have different intellectual abilities. Their intellect, in turn, will, sometimes, if not all the time, shape their social statuses. Education is critical to the formation of civil society because it remarks on the intelligence needed by the society to make rational decisions, such as in choosing their leaders. Locke and Hobbes also agree on the natural laws that bind the state of nature of humanity. Hobbes believes that human beings can rationally live together, but the reason is not enough to sustain an orderly and effective social and only a social contract, which consisted of rules and laws, can bind individuals peacefully. There is tension in Hobbes’ idea, however, since individuals tend to be selfish. Hobbes argues that man is naturally violent and they tend to have lives that are: “…solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short” and he adds: “And because the condition of Man, (as hath been declared in the precedent Chapter) is a condition of Warre [sic] of every one against every one; in which case everyone is governed by his own Reason.”
Alvares, Claudia. Humanism after Colonialism. Switzerland: Peter Lang, 2006. Print.
Hobbes, Thomas. Leviathan. Web. 23 June 2011 <http://www.gutenberg.org/files/3207/3207-h/3207-h.htm>.
Locke, John. Two Treatises on Government. Web. 23 June 2011 <http://www.gutenberg.org/files/7370/7370-h/7370-h.htm>.
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