The causes of this difference of wits are in the passions, and the difference of passions proceedeth partly from the different constitution of the body, and partly from different education.” Indeed, I agree with Hobbes and Locke that education is natural, in the sense that people of different bits of intelligence and passions will have different intellectual abilities. Their intellect, in turn, will, sometimes, if not all the time, shape their social statuses. Education is critical to the formation of civil society because it remarks on the intelligence needed by the society to make rational decisions, such as in choosing their leaders. Locke and Hobbes also agree on the natural laws that bind the state of nature of humanity. Hobbes believes that human beings can rationally live together, but the reason is not enough to sustain an orderly and effective social and only a social contract, which consisted of rules and laws, can bind individuals peacefully. There is tension in Hobbes’ idea, however, since individuals tend to be selfish. Hobbes argues that man is naturally violent and they tend to have lives that are: “…solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short” and he adds: “And because the condition of Man, (as hath been declared in the precedent Chapter) is a condition of Warre [sic] of every one against every one; in which case everyone is governed by his own Reason.”. Hobbes and Locke in The Evolution of the Civil Society.
Alvares, Claudia. Humanism after Colonialism. Switzerland: Peter Lang, 2006. Print.
Hobbes, Thomas. Leviathan. Web. 23 June 2011 <http://www.gutenberg.org/files/3207/3207-h/3207-h.htm>.
Locke, John. Two Treatises on Government. Web. 23 June 2011 <http://www.gutenberg.org/files/7370/7370-h/7370-h.htm>.
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