Qatar is a small country, on a peninsula north of Saudi Arabia (National Geographic website), with allies in the Gulf region (Kabasal and Dastalmachian, 2001, pp. 480-481). This assignment examines the culture of Qatar, its predominant ideology, and hegemony, identity, language, and semiotics. Gender and postcolonialism are also considered. Ideology Most of the inhabitants of Qatar are of Arabic origin, and the main ideology, or system of beliefs is the Sunni Muslim faith. (Chaddock, 2006, p. 68) This is expressed in what people eat, for example, all meat has to be prepared in accordance with Islamic laws, in their clothing, and in the religious practices of prayer, fasting, and study of the Koran. (Qatar.living website)Hegemony The official hegemony, or system of power over other people, in Qatar, is a monarchy. (Constitution of Qatar) The government is similar to traditional tribal leadership, with a hereditary Emir at the top. This rests on an ancient pattern of centralist government dating from some 4,000 years ago. (Hofstede, 1980, p. 117) The system is not democratic and there are no elections. The opinions of the people are gathered in an advisory parliament but the real power lies with the Emir.Identity The concept of identity can be defined as the way someone is or is recognizable. Qatari identity is based on nomadic Arab culture. Hospitality is a very important value, especially in desert territories. Modern Qatar has a successful tourist industry with its own airline company bringing passengers from over 100 destinations worldwide. Qatar has a history of threats from larger powers and so has defensive forts such as Al-Zubara Fort, Doha Fort, etc. (Qatar embassy: Museums). In the cities, the population contains many immigrant workers who have a greater diversity of identity. Citizens of Qatari origin, are in a minority but enjoy a higher status than immigrant workers. )
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