The decision by ISIS to eliminate Shia culture from the proposed Islamic caliphate is intended to intensify the existing cultural conflict, which will result in the Sunni Muslims declaring their support for the caliphate. Christians’ and Yezidis’ holy sites are also not spared. It is the worst form of cultural and religious intolerance (Hartman, 2015).ISIS, being an Islamic allied group that wants all Muslims under one caliphate disregards other cultures that do not hold Islamic values such as the Western cultures as well as other religious groups globally. Religious fanaticism is a major attribute of ISIS that makes every member of the group eager to kill anyone. The religious divide between the Sunni and Shia Muslims is evident in the recent wave of attacks by ISIS on non-Sunni cultural heritage and religious sites. Shrines and graves that Shia Muslims attach significant value are undergoing annihilation, which continues to enlarge the rift between the two Muslim adherent groups. ISIS views Shia Muslims as a threat to the establishment of an international caliphate. The decision by ISIS to eliminate Shia culture from the proposed Islamic caliphate is intended to intensify the existing cultural conflict, which will result in the Sunni Muslims declaring their support for the caliphate. Christians’ and Yezidis’ holy sites are also not spared. It is the worst form of cultural and religious intolerance (Hartman, 2015). The long-held position among many Arab nations such as Syria, Iran, Iraq, Yemen and Lebanon regarding the existence of the State of Israel is also a cultural conflict that ISIS is using to mobilize the Arab world in joining the caliphate, declaring war on Jews and Israel. Palestine, being a major loser from the creation of Israel in 1948 may experience a significant impact from the international expansion of ISIS as the group seems to share the cultural sentiments of Palestinians. Activities of ISIS have raised tensions globally as the civilized nations find the level of intolerance unbearable. More so, the group has affected national values beyond political boundaries as it intends to topple governments and destabilize prevailing peace. The United States recognizes the rights of Muslims globally while many Muslim states such as Saudi Arabia, UAE, and Turkey share diplomatic relations. Nevertheless, the US is the greatest enemy of ISIS and any captured US soldier or journalist has been executed in recent months. . The Consequences of Forced State Failure in Iraq.
El-Naggar, Mona. 2015. “From a Private School in Cairo to ISIS Killing Fields in Syria.” The New York Times Company. Accessed April 18, 2015. http://www.nytimes.com/2015/02/19/world/middleeast/from-a-private-school-in-cairo-to-isis-killing-fields-in-syria-video.html?smid=fb-share&_r=2
Fox, Jonathan. 2014. “The Influence of Religious Legitimacy on Grievance Formation by Ethno religious Minorities,” Journal of Peace Research, 36(5): 289-307.
Flibbert, Andrew. 2013. “The Consequences of Forced State Failure in Iraq,” Political Science Quarterly, 67-95.
Hartman, Margaret. 2015. “How ISIS Is Destroying Ancient Art in Iraq and Syria,” New York Media LLC. Accessed April 18, 2015. nymag.com/daily/intelligencer/2015/03/isis-destroys-ancient-art.html
Midlarsky, Manus. 2014. “Democracy and Islam: Implications for Civilizational Conflict and the Democratic Peace,” Journal of Conflict Resolution, 8(3): 458-511.
Turner, Jonathan. 2008. On the Origin of Societies by Natural Selection: Studies in Comparative Social Science, Boulder, CO: Paradigm Publishers.
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