Them at this point in order to keep them in perspective as we demonstrate the applicability of action science to the core objectives of the research.As previously stated, action science aims to increase the confidence and skills of an individual or group of people and promote long-term group and individual effectiveness (Argyris, 1992). With the unavoidable change occurring within hospitals, it has become increasingly hard for residents to be taught with real patients, the use of models has been suggested and adopted for use as a viable alternative to the traditional approach. Action science will provide a platform for the development of skills and confidence of the individual residents to the extent that they will be able to handle real patients better. They will be able to use their procedural skills and with more confidence and their overall effectiveness will be enhanced. Action science is a plan of action and consists of a series of steps and actions that can be effected in a way that the participants (residents) can eventually end up developing the right confidence in performing procedures on real patients from the experience gained from working on or with models. The idea here is to use action science ideas and concepts to enhance the procedural skills and confidence of residents.Working in an environment that is ever changing, each participant has to develop an ability and readiness to change accordingly (Action design, 2011). The idea is to use the action science principles in a manner that will enable participants (residents) to adapt to the needs of the ever changing work environment. The need to use models rather than real patients is indeed a great change. The model and the real patient are different in so many ways. Having to use models to learn critical procedural skills is important and with the use of action science it then becomes much easier for the residents to learn while using models since action science equips them with knowledge and also gives them the ability to adopt to change. Action science helps residents to be able to overcome barriers within the work environment. These barriers are responsible for the inability of residents to perform procedural operations when they are expected to be able to perform them. In overcoming the barriers their confidence, increases and they become more effective to the extent that they are able to perform their procedures better.Action science is also a plan or strategy for organizing or
Argyris, C., Putnam, R., Smith, D. M (1985). Action science. Hoboken, NJ: Jossey-Bass, Inc.
Argyris, C. (1982). Reasoning, learning, and action: Individual and organizational. Hoboken, NJ: Jossey-Bass, Inc.
Argyris, C. (1992). Theory in practice: Increasing professional effectiveness. Hoboken, NJ: Jossey-Bass, Inc.
Action Design (2011). Action science. Retrieved from http://actiondesign.com/resources/research/action-science
Action Science (2007). What is action science? Retrieved from http://www.actionscience.com/actinq.htm#theory
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