A significant number of individuals live in coastal areas around the world. In the United States alone, about a third of the country’s population resides in coastal regions. A good number of states bordering the sea have large pieces of low-lying lands, which are very susceptible to rising level of the sea as well as coastal storm surges. The persistent rise in sea level puts the coastal regions at risk in many ways. These include coastal community flooding causing massive destruction of property and infrastructure, degradation of shoreline from erosion and landslides, increased storm surges and loss of wetlands and estuaries.The first impact of rising sea level is flooding in the coastal region. Melting the land ice and expanding sea waters due to increased temperatures are major contributors to rising volume of the sea (Union of Concerned Scientists, 2013). Coastal low-lying lands face the risk of being submerged by sea water breaking the sea banks. Therefore, coastal communities face increased the risk of getting swept away by rising sea level, higher and stronger sea tides as well as frequent storm surges (SERDP & ESTCP, 2013). According to Costa et al., the most destructive effects of coastal zones originate from the occurrence of storm surges (Costa, Tekken & Kropp, 2009, p.In the United States, Washington shoreline is an epitome of rising sea level risk exposure. Certain areas such as South Puget Sound are more susceptible to early flooding compared to Seattle. Low-land areas bordering the coast are at increased risk of being submerged by increasing level of sea water (Thorner, Kumar & Smith, 2014).Scientists have predicted that there is a high likelihood of stronger storms accompanied by heavier rainfall as well as frequent and stronger sea waves in the future because of persistent climate change. Storm surges are products of coastal storms and occur when wind strong winds drive seawater inland. As sea level rises, the storm surges become more pronounced at the water top forcing water further into coastal low-lying lands.
Ayyub, B.M. & Kearney, M.S. (2012). Sea level rise and coastal infrastructure: prediction, risks, and solutions. Reston, VA: American Society of Civil Engineers.
Batzer, D.P. & Baldwin, A.H. (2012). Wetland habitats of North America: ecology and conservation concerns. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Cazenave1, A. & Cozannet, G.L. (2014). Sea level rise and its coastal impacts. Earths Future, 2(2): 15–34.
Costa, L., Tekken, V. & Kropp, J. (2009). Threat of Sea Level Rise: Costs and Benefits of Adaptation in European Union Coastal Countries. Journal of Coastal Research, 56 (1): 223-227.
SERDP & ESTCP. (2013). Climate Change and Impacts of Sea Level Rise. Retrieved on April 5, 2014 from http://www.serdp.org/Featured-Initiatives/Climate-Change-and-Impacts-of-Sea-Level-Rise
Smith, S.(2010). Coastal Erosion & Sea Level Rise: Briefing Paper No 6/2010. Retrieved on April 5, 2014 from http://www.parliament.nsw.gov.au/prod/parlment/publications.nsf/0/D2A9D57594653BEFCA25774900201A34/$File/Coastal%20Erosion%20and%20Sea%20Level%20Rise%20Briefing%20Paper%206%202010.pdf
Thorner, J., Kumar, L. & Smith, S.D.A. (2014). Impacts of Climate-Change-Driven Sea Level Rise on Intertidal Rocky Reef Habitats Will Be Variable and Site Specific. PLoS ONE, 9(1): e86130.
Titus, J.G. & Anderson, K.E. (2009). Coastal sensitivity to sea-level rise: a focus on the mid-Atlantic region. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Climate Change Science Program.
Union of Concerned Scientists. (2013). Causes of Sea Level Rise: What the Science Tells Us. Retrieved on April 5, 2014 from http://www.ucsusa.org/global_warming/science_and_impacts/impacts/causes-of-sea-level-rise.html
WEI-SHIUEN, N. & MENDELSOHN, R. (2005).The impact of sea level rise on Singapore. Environment and Development Economics, 10: 201–215.
Please type your essay title, choose your document type, enter your email and we send you essay samples