Therefore, Achilles felt that he was not only put to shame but was dishonored and becomes very angry with Patroclus and all the troops and withdraws from the war, even while appealing to his goddess- mother Thetis. She then persuades Zeus to support the Trojans and thereby avenge him. This is the crux of the problem that leads to the argument between Zeus and Hera, the Achaeans’ helper.In Book IX, Agamemnon is concerned at the advancement of the Trojan troops and on the suggestion by Nestor to send Ajax, Odysseus and Phoenix who was Achilles’ tutor to meet with Achilles on an embassy, in an action of appeasement. Achilles is offered a very handsome requital of getting his concubine back and also one of Agamemnon’s daughters in marriage, but he would have to bow down before Agamemnon. In addition he is showered generously with princely gifts which he duly rejects because this was not what he desired, thereby making the embassy a failure and returning home.The Iliad’s central figure, Achilles, makes the chain of events not only lucid but also coherent. He reacts appropriately to the atrocious wrong done to him in trying to attempt to make the wrong right. His obstinacy propels Patroclus his friend to step into the breach thereby losing his life.Both Achilles and Agamemnon sees the problem but in a different light. The decision that was taken by Achilles to refute Agamemnon’s generous gifts tells us something of Achilles past and present. His decision to make the Embassy a failure reflects that the amiable outlook of Agamemnon’s generosity was nothing but blind vendetta. The problem, as seen through the eyes of Agamemnon was that Achilles still remained superior because he refused to bow before him inspite of the rich gifts offered. From Achilles point of view he hated Agamemnon for trying to use his cunning tactics on him and make him bow down before him which in turn made him hate him more. From Agamemnon’s point of view, it seemed that the Embassy’s failure did not impact so much on him. This is because the ‘Iliad’ makes use of the technique of ‘illusion’ because it carries its readers to believe that which is not portrayed. Parallelism is another technique used with a series of heroes, combats, divine interventions and deaths which gives the poem a structural
M.S. Silk, ‘The Iliad’ Landmarks of World Literature. Second Edition. Cambridge University Press.
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