Stalcup, 2008). With the introduction of criminal justice supervision, today involve incorporating treatment planning for drug abusing offenders and ensuring that health service providers are aware of the requirements for correctional requirements. In addition, there were conspicuous disparities across ethnic lines between drug use trends, and incarceration in relation to crimes involving drugs, and the access to treatment for substance use (Brown, 2008). Statistics revealed that the majority of those incarcerated for drug charges was majorly people of colour who also demonstrated low access to treatment, hence poorer treatment results compared to the white population. Roman, Ducharme, & Knudsen (2006) prison treatment programs commenced with project Treatment and Rehabilitation of Addicted Parolees or TRAP that constituted a prerelease component, a transitional model, and aftercare module in 1979. Due to issues with funding, the program did not produce effective results in terms of changing the parolees since no follow up interviews were involved. Between 1979 and 1987, the number of inmates incarcerated with substance abuse rose drastically yet no treatment was provided to them while in prison as evident in a survey by NIDA or National Institute on Drug Abuse. In order to eliminate the existing barriers to offenders accessing substance abuse treatment, NIDA, in 2002 developed a project to improve substance abuse offender’s outcomes through the improved substance abuse integration into other public systems on safety and. Assessment of the Role of Human Service Professionals within Substance Abuse Treatment Programs.
Brown, K. (2008). Racial/Ethnic Differences in Religious Congregation-based Social Service -Delivery Efforts. Journal of Sociology and Social Welfare, 95-124.
Fletcher, B., Lehman, W., Wexler, H., Melnick, G., Taxman, F., & Young, D. (2009). Measuring collaboration and integration activities in criminal justice and substance abuse treatment agencies. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, S54-S64.
Hora, P. F., & Stalcup, T. (2008). Drug Treatment Court in the Twenty First Century: The Evolution of the Revolution in Problem-Solving Courts. Georgia Law Review, 717-811.
Laureate Education (Director). (2010). History and development of human services [Motion Picture].
Marlowe, D. B. (2003). Integrating Substance Abuse Treatment and Criminal Justice Supervision. Science Practice Perspective`, 2(1), 4-14.
Nyamathi, A., Hudson, A., Mutere, M., Christiani, A., Sweat, J., Nyamathi, K., & Broms, T. (2007). Drug use and Barriers to and Facillitatos of Drug Treatmetn for the Homeless Youth. Patient Prefer Adherence, 1-8.
Roman, P., Ducharme, L., & Knudsen, H. (2006). Patterns of organization and management in private and public substance abuse treatment programs. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment(31), 235-243.
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