It is believed that this management and conservation efforts have seen an steady increase in the population of these species in the states of Texas and Virginia. In the ranches, proper care is done to ensure that the animals are given enough food and medication so that they do not succumb to environmental illnesses leading to their death.In general, the habitat of a deer is supposed to have the necessities of life; this includes nutrition, water as well as the much needed cover during different seasons. The diversity of vegetation in a habitat is considered the basic element in meeting the cover as well as all the general food requirements for the deer.The basic cover requirements for the deer during their growing include; low-growing vegetation, which is essential for giving adequate hiding for the fawns, especially during their first few days. At the same time, there should also be enough mid-level vegetation so that the deer can have protection from predators, especially in natural conservancies. For the deer to have enough food there should be over story vegetation that comprises of trees and shrubs, which are the favorite foods for the animals besides being good shelter for the animals in extreme weather.The deer habitat is usually established through special programs that involve manipulation of vegetation, these programs are referred to as “range management.” Some of the important things that are carried out in range management include balancing the numbers of particular wildlife so that they can effectively fit the food supply available. At the same time, the process involves instituting rotational grazing systems in order to have enough grass all year round.Deer management programs in the United States have been responsible for the increasing deer population in most of the states that management efforts have been initiated. The Deer management ranges and other systems have been formulated and implemented by the (VDGIF) staff, with the basic aim of increasing and maintaining the population of deer. To this effect, the population of deer in these ranging schemes has been exceeding that of the forest schemes.In the United States, the Deer has been cited as one of the wild herbivores that has significantly affected gardens and crops as well as trees, by eating away their back. At the same time, they have been contributing to increased accidents in highways, as
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Grund, M. D. (2011). Survival analysis and computer simulations of lethal and contraceptive management strategies for urban deer. Human-Wildlife Interactions 5(1), 23-31.
VerCauteren, K. C., Lavelle, M. J & Hygnstorm, S. (2006). Fences and deer-damage management: a review of designs and efficacy. Wildlife Society Bulletin, 34(1), 191-200.
Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries. (2007). Virginia deer management plan 2006-2015. Wildlife Information Publication,7(1): 1-52.
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