The subject of environmental change relates to three issues; the vulnerability of local community to climate change; violence and livelihoods; and the role of state in overseeing relationship between human security, environmental change and violent conflict. Environmental change increasingly offers challenges to human security; through minimizing access to the natural resources that are vital in sustaining livelihoods. Environmental change also undermines the states’ capacity in provision of opportunities that assists people in sustaining livelihoods. The direct or indirect impact of environmental change to security increases likelihood of violent conflicts. This paper goes deeper to examine case study on the adverse impact of environmental change on the society, for example the 2012 Nigeria flood disaster. The floods started in early July 2012; and reportedly killed 363 persons, and displaced more than 2,100,000 as at 5th November 2012. The rainy season in Nigeria usually leads to flash floods. The flash floods turn out to be lethal especially in overcrowded slums and rural areas, where drainage is inadequate.Ideas borne by researchers, for example human conflict ideas; are resultant from the agents that are historically constituted, for example disputes over natural resources like land. The sociological ideas are socially situated. This helps in the explanation of autobiographical reflexivity. This appears to most researchers not as a radical departure but serves as a reaffirmation of the ideas which were already existent within the system and the common attitudes. However, in Human Security and Social Change, the initial and most basic form of reflexivity opposes this. Reflexivity, contrary to this, entails a researcher examining his own social background. This is classified according to gender, geography or class. It brings in the concept of Positionality, which is not present within the autobiographic reflexivity.Autobiographic reflexivity is invoked in Human Security and Environmental Change, by the Researchers. This is mostly during the instances when they intend to explain to their audiences the line that their researches take; for example natural disaster preparedness of Nigeria. Human Security and Environmental Change looks into the foundations that form the various ideas that they put in
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