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Possible Ways for Improving the Provision of Peacekeeping Essay Example

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Possible Ways for Improving the Provision of Peacekeeping

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Possible Ways for Improving the Provision of Peacekeeping. Unless a new assurance and dedication are found to build up the needed strategies, UN forces must not be dispatched to a territory where conflict is prone. If military intervention is necessary, it must be assigned to a competent national organization or force such as NATO (Bellamy, Williams & Griffin 2010). In the premature phases of international assistance in Bosnia and Somalia, UN peacekeepers were assigned (Sriram & Wermester 2003). In these disorganized settings, the sparsely armed peacekeepers discovered themselves outgunned, outnumbered, not capable of performing their tasks, and, in many instances, taken as captives (Findlay 1996). In Somalia, the incompetence of the UN operation yielded to the U.

S.-governed UNITAF forces that quickly crushed local dissenters, enabling relief goods to reach their intended beneficiaries (Razack 2004). Once they had completed their restrictedly assigned task, UNITAF forces pulled out, transferring safekeeping back to the UN, which awarded authority to UNOSOM II (Razack 2004). Still, it was immediately obvious to the forces of Aideed that the wider authority did not conquer the limitations of the UN peacekeepers, and the society gradually slid back into anarchy (Hawk 2002). UN peacekeepers in Bosnia were originally dispatched to open the Sarajevo airport and guarantee the safe provision of assistance all over the city. The directive afterwards was modified to a Chapter VII operation and assigned with guaranteeing provision of assistance all over the country (Sriram & Wermester 2003). Yet, neither operation was able to prevent Serbs inclined on conquering and ethnically purifying Bosnian region (Sriram & Wermester 2003). Following many incidents of peacekeepers being captured, the external actors withdrew them into territories under complete UN control, leaving assigned ‘protected areas’ to the Serb, and embarked on unrelenting NATO air attacks to castigate Serb forces (Murphy 2007). With the UN peacekeepers’ credibility weakened, the Croats and Bosniacs demanded upon a NATO force to implement the prerequisites of the Dayton Accords (Browne et al. 2003). Possible Ways for Improving the Provision of Peacekeeping.

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References

Bellamy, A.J., Williams, P. & Griffin, S. (2010) Understanding Peacekeeping, UK: Polity.

Berman, E.G. & Sams, K.E. (2000) Peacekeeping in Africa: Capabilities and Culpabilities, Geneva: United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research/Institute for Security Studies.

Browne, M.A, Serafino, N.M. & Grimmett, R.F. (2003) United Nations Peacekeeping, Huntington, NY: Novinka Books.

Buckley, W. (Ed.) (2000) Kosovo: Contending Voices on Balkan Interventions, Cambridge, UK: Wm.B.Eerdmans Publishing Company.

Coate, R.A., Weiss, T.G. & Forsythe, D.P. (2000) The United Nations and Changing World Politics, Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

Debrix, F. (1999) Re-Envisioning Peacekeeping: The United Nations and the Mobilization of Ideology, Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Findlay, T. (Ed.) (1996) Challenges for the New Peacekeepers, Netherlands: A SIPIRI Publication.

Fleitz, F. (2002) Peacekeeping Fiascoes of the 1990s: Causes, Solutions, and U.S., Westport, CT: Praeger.

Hastedt, G. (1997) American Foreign Policy 97/98, Madison, WI: Brown & Benchmark.

Hawk, K. H. (2002) Constructing the Stable State: Goals for Intervention and Peacebuilding, Westport, CT: Praeger.

Keating, T. & Knight, A. (eds) (2004) Building Sustainable Peace, New York: United Nations University Press.

Langholtz, H., Kondoch, B. & Wells, A. (eds) (2005) International Peacekeeping: The Yearbook of International Peace Operations, Boston: Martinus Nijhoff.

Lederer, J.P. & Jenner, J.M. (eds) (2002) A Handbook of International Peacebuilding: Into the Eye of the Storm, San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Murphy, R. (2007) UN Peacekeeping in Lebanon, Somalia and Kosovo: Operational and Legal Issues in Practice, New York: Cambridge University Press.

Razack, S. (2004) Dark Threats and White Knights: The Somalia Affair, Peacekeeping, and the New Imperialism, London: University of Toronto Press.

Rubinstein, R. (2008) Peacekeeping under Fire: Culture and Intevention, Boulder, CO: Paradigm Publishers.

Sahnoun, M. (1994) Somalia: Missed Opportunities, Washington, DC: The United States Institute of Peace Press.

Snow, D. M. (2000) When America Fights: The Uses of U.S. Military Force, Washington, DC: CQ Press.

Sriram, C.L. & Wermester, K. (eds) (2003) From Promise to Practice: Strengthening UN Capacities for the Prevention of Violent Conflict, Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner.

Thakur, R. & Schnabel, A. (eds) (2001) United Nations Peacekeeping Operations: Ad Hoc Missions, Permanent Engagement, New York: United Nations University Press.

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preview essay on Possible Ways for Improving the Provision of Peacekeeping
  • Pages: 15 (3750 words)
  • Document Type: Essay
  • Subject: People
  • Level: Undergraduate
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