This means that humans did not use horses as much in cavalry as before this war. Rather, “World War I used horses in great numbers for noncavalry purposes” (Gimenez, Gimenez, and May 5). In contrast to the Western Front, horses continued to be used on the Eastern Front throughout the war. In fact, some of the major combatants like the Ottoman Empire relied extensively on cavalry units throughout the war. This means that WWI did not make application of horses extinct, rather it changed the way they began to be deployed by warriors. For example, the US forces used horses very briefly after the war began in contrast to the Ottoman Empire. So, horses did not lose their importance, rather they lost their status of indispensable offensive elements in a war. The more advanced a country was in warfare and technology, the less application horses had in its military forces. The US was ahead of the Ottoman Empire by giant leaps, so horses were used for a very short time in the war.The most important way by which horses were used in WWI concentrated on logistical support. It is claimed that they “formed the backbone of the Army’s logistic support” (Breverton). From pulling guns to carrying messages to transporting weapons to carrying away the dead and wounded, horses were used for a variety of reasons (Owen 14). Before WWI, main application of horses was in the battlefield. During WWI, this application shifted to other areas like transportation of goods and equipment. It cannot be said that horses stopped being used by warriors for fighting purposes because cavalry units continued to be important during the war. But, cavalry forces stopped being used when combatants were faced with strong opponents laced with strong artillery. Besides being used for logistical support, they were only used when confronting weaker and less advanced enemies like the Middle Eastern forces which were not technologically advanced and primarily relied on cavalry units. Research claims that on the Western Front in particular, “muddy conditions made it very difficult to use motorized support” (Breverton). So, horses provided great logistical support and surpassed every kind of mechanized vehicle in this area.The evolving times required that horses be put away from the frontline and shifted to another area like carrying goods over rough and tricky terrains. They were also used to carry messengers and increase morale of forces,
Breverton, Terry. Breverton’s First World War Curiosities. Amberley Publishing Limited, 2014. Print.
Gimenez, Rebecca, Gimenez, Tomas, and May, Kimberly A. Technical Large Animal Emergency Rescue. John Wiley & Sons, 2009. Print.
Hardman, Robert. Unshakeable courage of the real War Horses: The eight million forgotten animals who were killed on the frontline. Dailymail.co.uk, 06 Oct. 2011. Web. 02 Nov. 2014.
Owen, Ruth. Horses. The Rosen Publishing Group, 2011. Print.
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