Adult assistance in a perfectly natural method is necessary to encourage phonological development. That is language should be used by adults for the children to get the exposure to it. The basic language skills are to be acquired in the right order. It is mandatory that the children should get maximum exposure to the receptive skills listening and reading as the productive skills speaking and writing are developed by the first mentioned two. Among these four skills of language, the first one is listening, followed by speaking, reading and writing. So, it is obligatory that the children should get enough chances to listen to the language. The scaffolding needed in the phonological development of children should be provided with during the early ages itself. Such an access to language helps in the acquisition of the phonological system of that language. This essay concentrates on the stages of phonological development, the theories related to and the factors encouraging and discouraging phonological acquisition.It is doubtless that human brain is the abode of language, Anandan (2006). So, naturally, children can acquire the sounds of their language. Following are the stages of phonological development which are worth for a close examination. Being acquainted with all these observations the phonological development in children is not a tough topic of study.Language is innate for human beings, Anandan (2006). During pre-linguistic stage, experimentation, though not conscious, starts with meaningless utterances of sound. During this stage, a child starts to experiment with sounds of language. It is wonderful that at this stage itself the child can discriminate between very similar speech sounds. This is lost step by step as a child gets exposed to his/her own native language. Here the easy access is to the native language usage which is easy and in close proximity to him. Pre-linguistic stage is 0 to 1 year. Reflective vocalizations, cooing, vocal play, babbling and variegated babbling are the features of pre-linguistic stage.
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