Apart from the air sacs getting damaged, the airways get narrowed down and scarred, which automatically leads to breathlessness symptoms, phlegm or cough. Such symptoms qualify to COPD. Others causes of COPD include, genetic disorders, dust and fumes though in rare proportions. This disease normally affects people with a bit of advanced age, the majority of diagnosis occurs in people who are in their fifties, though it is normally manifested at the age of 35. According to gender statistics, in the UK the disease affects men more then it affects women (Hanania, 2011)A smokers cough as they call it, is the first real sign of the respiratory disease. Once damage to the lungs has already occurred, there cannot be a reversal to the situation but the acceleration can be reduced down through quitting of smoking and using certain medications relevant to treating of the lungs. But some people, though a very tiny minority can opt for surgery. COPD has the ability to completely change a person’s lifestyle; hence in order to cope with symptoms of COPD there is need to assist the patient. They need to learn new breathing techniques, take relevant medication, maintain activeness as much as possible and obviously choose to stay healthy (Lynes, 2007).Based on the above explanation of COPD, we can see that, a patient suffering from advanced COPD is a person who is older and falls under the complex needs category. The person despite having a significant age in most cases, the respiratory disease renders weak them in certain areas. As such, the particular patient will have to be accorded professional help form a nursing professional in order to make the symptoms of the disease bearable and also to reduce the spread of the disease.People with COPD in the UK, have access to financial support, end of life care, and they are normally given advice on relationships. COPD is a life threatening condition, the situation of hunger of air brings in a feeling of an eminent demise to the person suffering the condition. As such, the patient tolerance in activities greatly diminishes leading to social loss and functioning of roles. Since people are social beings, this class of patients will normally have a feeling of isolation and depression. That notwithstanding management of the disease requires the patient to have complex modifications of lifestyle regime (Kara, 2007).Reports from existing patients are that, they face life restrictions, and
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