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HIV/AIDS Essay Example

Previously integrated approaches for treatment of substance abuse and mental health were quite promising1; however, they involved patients who were not HIV-infected, therefore, this approach needed to be specifically tested for HIV/AIDS patients who also suffered from mental illness and substance abuse disorder.As little was known about how integrated treatment works with HIV-infected patients, this study was an attempt to not only see its efficacy but also to remove barriers so as to make it easier for people to access comprehensive HIV primary care, mental health and substance use services as people with HIV and co-morbid conditions were deemed to be at high risk for poor health outcomes.Priority population for the HIV Cost Study were those who were HIV positive, were 16 years or older, had had substance abuse disorder diagnosed in the past 12 months, and diagnosable mental health disorder which persisted long enough for a mental care giver to diagnose it during the preceding 12 months.At each of the 8 sites of the HIV Cost Study the outcomes of the new integrated intervention were compared against those of the traditional methods, and most of the study participants were assigned randomly to either of the two groups. The first factor that caused variability was whether the service system capacity that existed at the start of the Study was sufficient or not. Some of the sites were lacking in anything more than baseline services when it came to substance abuse and mental health issues. These sites were used to test different models for co-ordinating and integrating these three services. The second cause of variability was the difference in ability of these sites to address the needs of the triply diagnosed clients with regard to the stage of the treatment. This meant that the different sites of the Study could involve triply diagnosed clients at different stages of their treatment, for instance at one end were street outreach programs done by the sites that tried to reach clients that did not visit the clinics themselves, whereas on the other end were the high end models available to clients, whereby residential treatment was meted out to clients that included aftercare as well, which entailed continued therapy and care management.The study found that when integrated treatment was given (especially for 18 months or longer), there was significant reduction in substance abuse and hospital use and a significant increase in

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preview essay on HIV/AIDS
  • Pages: 4 (1000 words)
  • Document Type: Essay
  • Subject: Biology
  • Level: Ph.D.
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