Show related essays## History of Mathematics

The early cultures that saw the rise of these mathematical ideas never used this system while in other countries there were different ways of writing the numbers. Some cultures allowed the use of “tallying” system when counting the numbers. The tallying included writing four vertical digits that were crossed by a diagonal line to show a group of five scores3.Other cultures had their own systems. For example the Roman numbers used today were used by the Romans. They used consecutive numbers that implied simple addition. In addition to the above example, one-one-one meant “three”. The symbols in use today would imply the number of times the numerals should be multiplied to get the result before adding. For example, one-one-one is implied as one hundred and eleven. The result “one hundred and one means 1*102 + 1*101 + 1* 1004. Other cultures that included the Islamic nations, the Chinese, and the Mayans created their systems that varied from the Romans in a slight manner that had a different base system number.These systems brought about the concept of addition and counting of numbers that are the foundations of the modern mathematics. Further there was the advancement of the Roman system of the Babylonians that had to use sixty as the base number that had minimal placement importance. This development was used by other cultures that led to the present day concept of numerals and place values in numeral numbers.Early childhood in America and other nations all over the world begin with zero when they are being taught. The zero concept has found great importance especially in the use of telephone numbers, street addresses. Although the use of the zero in present day might be taken as literal yet its development in the mathematics history might not be the case. In the past most of the numbers that are given the abstract meaning today took a lot of time to discover and were literal in meaning.The use of zero in the modern world serves a number of important functions. It can be used to act as a place holder. What would be the difference of 11, 101, 1001 numbers if zero never existed. They would all have the same meaning and value. The Babylonians are the ones that developed the place holding concept of zero that attaches its meaning even in today’s world of mathematics, and hence zero was regarded as a number even though it had no value. The Mayans on the other hand developed the symbol of zero and

Reference

Center Plus. Web. 26 Mar. 2012.

John J. , and Edmund F. "A history of Zero." University of St Andrews, Scotland. November 2000. Pp. 67-89

Url: <http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Zero.html>

John O., and Edmund R. "Mayan Mathematics." University of St Andrews, Scotland. November 2000. Pp. 101-102

<http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Mayan_mathematics.html>

John O., and Edmund R. "An overview of Egyptian mathematics." (2005). University of St

Andrews, Scotland. December 2000. Pp. 101-103

<hp://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Egyptian_mathematics.

Yaseen, H. S. Two And Two Make Zero: The Counting Numbers, Their Conceptualization, Symbolization, And Acquisition. Online Submission, 2011. P. 30 Web. 26 Mar. 2012.

Webb, Richard. "Zero Number ." New Scientist 212.2839 (2011): pp40-43. Academic Search Premier. Web. 26 Mar. 2012.

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