Individual and disallowed all states from functioning against the amendment and this bill was utilized to increase federal control on Southern States. The amendment stated “ all persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States" (p. During 1867, first reconstruction act was passed by the Radical Republicans and later the Congress passed three more bills to increase the capacity of Reconstruction. These acts were used for the abolishment of the Southern Government created by Johnson and the Southern Blacks were once again under army control (Peacock 22). These acts even provided blacks the ability to vote and stopped prior Confederate leaders from being a part of the government offices. Section three of the 14th amendment states that those individuals who served as a part of the congress or as a part of the state government or as a part of the American military and then “engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the same” will not be a part of the office (p. The Congress had added representatives from six states to the Congress by 1868 and by 1870 the remaining representatives of remaining sates were even added to Congress.After new reforms were made, elections took place. As a result of elections, some public positions were held by blacks but majority of the positions were held by the Southern whites. The ideology of Black equality and governments of that period were contradicted by the Southern whites. This attitude held by the Southern whites led to terrorism conducted by various groups. One of the major groups was Ku Klux Klan (KKK). These groups terrorized the blacks and they even conducted terrorist activities against those whites who were in favor of the government. Republicans thought that conditions could change if General Grant was elected as the president during 1868. Grant was not able to function according to the expectations of Reconstruction Supporters. During this period Congress passed and accepted the 15th Amendment, but this amendment could not solve the problems experienced in South. This amendment was passed to prohibit racial discrimination during elections, but blacks had to stay away from voting due to the fear injected in them by local employers and KKK. By 1870 and 1871 three force acts were passed to take control of criminal activities, these laws could complete a minor part of its purpose as there were no federal officers to enforce these
Peacock, Judith. Reconstruction: Rebuilding After the Civil War. Mankato, Minn: Bridgestone Books, 2003. Print.
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