The dusts occupy the atmosphere, making the air unsafe for living organisms around the area where limestone quarrying is undertaken (Brune, 2010).Limestone produces highly alkaline and reactive dusts which can cause numerous skins cancers and lung complications to human and animals around the area where quarrying is conducted. Consequentially, respiratory diseases are common among human population that inhabits areas where open site quarrying of limestone is conducted. Chemical effects of the dusts blown also affect the morphological features of the plants due to gene mutation that occurs, a situation that increase health risk to animals that feed on such plants (Brune, 2010).Apart from the air pollution, noise pollution is a major nuisance associated with open site quarrying of limestone as a significant amount of noise arises due to the heavy machines used. Blasting is conducted to break down the limestone sediment to smaller particles that can grinded using machines. This produces significant amount of noise that is of considerable nuisance to the public. Apart from noise pollution, mining of limestone cause considerable damage to biodiversity, a situation that alters the ecological balance and push some organisms to extinction. Animals and birds that originally occupied current mining sites migrate to safe places, leaving the land barren and deserted. Post quarrying sites cannot support the life of animals, plants or even birds due to lack of proper vegetation and the poisonous air that emerged from the activities (Smartz, Laker & Van Dam, 2013).Quarrying also consume considerable amount of energy and produce tons of waste materials which must be broken down based on the environmental policies established. The energy consumed during the breakdown of these waste is high and this makes quarrying an energy inefficient process that harms the environment considerably. Such wastewater is later pumped to the nearby water bodies, further degrading the environment and affecting the stability of the aquatic fauna and flora (Biswas & Cooling, 2013).The exploration and use of limestone for various industrial and healthcare uses in the United Kingdom can be attributed to the early centuries when the presence of the precious stone was discovered. Today limestone and its products are used in various key industries in the country to manufacture building and construction materials and other healthcare and industrial products. The demand
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