The underlying explanations generated for such actions include hegemonic masculinity that subordinates and objectifies women in the general society and pressure from music executives to make provocatively themed songs to maximise sales. There is also the issue of the male gaze where due to dominance the predomination of men in the genre most of the themes about women will be generated from a male point of view. It is widely appreciated that music has the capacity to influence listeners, develop and maintain how individuals view the world around them.To establish whether the hegemonic discourse of gender as perpetrated by hip hop is on the rise or not, it is crucial to explore the genre’s recent timeline. This is gradually bringing it to what can be currently observed and finally the future direction in terms of the portrayal of women. Weitzer and Kubrin (2009, pp. 4) observe that throughout the timeline of hip hop there has been hot debates and condemnation from women groups and other interest parties. The two authors further observe that although gender stereotypes have been perpetrated in all popular music, it has been considerably higher in hip hop with research showing that, in hip hop’s early years of 1980s, it contained much more misogyny and stereotyping than the heavy metal genre. The same pattern has been observed to be maintained ever since. However, this has been accompanied by a shift in lyrical depictions of women over time with complexity and diversity being introduced into the female persona image. This, however, does not mean that women are presented as independent or intelligent as men; rather derogative themes still persist with the only. Hip Hop and Race Portrayal in News.
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