The only duty that is shared by these castes is the study of religious texts but that also among the castes of Brahmin, Ksatriya and Vaishyas.Hinduism also displays monistic tendencies, according to which God is considered as one Supreme Being and the whole universe is created from one basic matter. The Hindu religious text, Upanishad mentions about the monistic aspect of Hinduism. “It was the monistic theme of the Upanishads-the belief that ultimately all reality is one unified whole and that this reality is fundamentally spiritual in nature, with the material being in some respect illusory” (Netland 102). According this monistic tendency, all human beings are created from the same matter. In these circumstances, the caste system becomes irrelevant. When all the beings in the universe are created from one single matter then there can no differentiation among them. Ultimately, all humans are considered in unity with the Supreme Being, so caste of an individual becomes immaterial. The unified whole being is real whereas the material world is illusive. As the material world is illusory so is the caste system that is followed in the material world. A Brahmin and Shudra have originated from the same substance, when their origins are same how can they be different from each another. They are created by the same God and are attributed with same genesis.The four Hindu castes in the Indian society have been created on the basis of duties assigned to the people belonging to each caste. The Brahmin caste is the upper caste and people belonging to this caste perform religious rites, study religious text and work as priests in the temples. The Ksatriya caste consists of people, who are warriors, carrying out the duty of protecting people. The members of Vaishya caste are given the responsibility of agricultural duties and trade. The lowest caste is that of Shudra, the Shudras are dispensed with the duty of service. The caste, in which the individual is born, decides his duty. He cannot perform duties that are assigned to other castes. But this caste system becomes irrelevant when the monastic tendencies of Hinduism are considered. The monastic tendencies define the whole universe as one united being which is created by God from one basic matter. When all human beings have been created from a similar matter, then there can be no differences among them. The united whole being is real whereas the material world is illusive
Netland, Harold. Encountering Religious Pluralism: The Challenge to Christian Faith &
Mission. InterVarsity Press. 2001.
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