Gluconeogenesis turns protein into glucose by means of cortisol hormones. High level of cortisol causes rapid glucose production from protein, which results in high blood sugar level (Bravata et al.Also, there are concerns that these diets can cause impaired metabolic functioning that may lead to serious medical problems, especially among patients of diabetes, cardiovascular disease, hypertension, or dyslipidemia (Bravata et al. These diets are based on the ketosis principle that is the process of burning stored fat to cause a weight loss. In order to achieve the process of ketosis, one has to lower the consumption of carbohydrate to less than 40 grams per day (Kennedy, n. A person, who is not on such diet, usually consumes over 300 grams of carbohydrate per day (Kennedy, n. High level of ketones can damage kidney and liver function, causing impairment of renal function, hyperlipidemia, nephrolithiasis, and constipation (Bravata et al.Recently, high carbohydrate and low fat diets gained immense popularity. These diets are rich in carbohydrate, fiber, vitamin C, folic acid, vitamin E, magnesium, potassium, and various phytochemicals. They tend to be lower in saturated fats, calories, omega-3 fatty acids, cholesterol, calcium, vitamin D, Vitamin B-12, and zinc. In general, high carbohydrate and low fats diets lower the risk of type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, certain cancers, and obesity (McAuley et al. Vegan or vegetarian diet is the great example of high carbohydrate and low fat diets. The diet omits protein-rich foods. Weight Loss Diets.
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