Moreover, being one of the most fundamental social institutions, the problems and activities related to healthcare and fitness are the topics of vital interest for the sociologists (Knelman, 1996). Similarly, psychology is rightly regarded as a social science that maintains direct connection with mental health and wellbeing of the individuals of a society. Since discipline of psychology studies the emotional condition, feelings, and behaviour of the people at individual level, it also contains a strong association with medical and health sciences. It is simply viewed to be the scientific analysis of human mind and its functions, and the impact of these functions on human behaviour subsequently (Craig & Baucum, 2002). Hence, psychology looks for exploring the causes behind the individuals’ conducting or abstinence from performing an act or the other.Theories have been articulated and researches have been conducted in order to unveil various aspects of human activities and behaviour (Theo, 2008). Theories actually serve as the reflections of concepts and building blocks of mind, which are articulated in the wake of in-depth observation and examination of the social and natural phenomena existing all around (Coser, 1977). An approach is a perspective, McLeod argues, which involves certain beliefs and assumptions related to human behaviour: the way they function, which aspects of them are worthy of study and what research methods are appropriate for undertaking this study (2007). Theories studying social behaviour of the individuals are regarded as sociological perspectives, while the frameworks elaborating human needs and desires come under the definition of psychological perspectives. Although, theories differ from one another in nature and scope, yet all of them appear to be sharing the common assumptions and conditions determined by the scholars as essential for developing a theoretical framework. Major sociological perspectives include structural functionalism, symbolic interactionism, social conflict, exchange theory and others, while chief psychological perspectives include humanism, cognitive dissonance theory, self-evaluation maintenance theory, psychoanalytic approach and others.By critically examining the history of the world, it becomes crystal clear that the United Kingdom has been the pioneer for the last several centuries in the fields of health and education, art and literature, politics and military
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