The 9th chapter on the proslogion article talks about forgiveness and mercy, expressed from a supremely just superior being towards sinful and unjust human beings. The main theme in this section is mercy and forgiveness, with a fundamental question as to how God can forgive the unjust and sinful while he stands for justice and the greater good of the universe. A biblical analogy to the book of 1st Timothy 6:16 indicates that God is generally good and it is from his fountain that all good deeds arise (Anselm, Williams, and Anselm 39). In the expression of justice, however, the text continues to argue that God’s goodness would not be taken in totality unless he expresses some kindness to the unjust. One of the justifications presented by Lucifer in his argument that God had failed in his leadership was based on the basic concept that the creator was unjust. To stay true to his character of mercy for all and justice to the entire humanity, God chose to express mercy and kindness to both the just and the unjust.
It is overly difficult to understand how God’s mercy coexists with his justice for it is known that God pays good with good and evil with evil. In the book of Philippians, it is admitted that his supremacy reigns forever and his mind cannot be discerned by human beings (Anselm, Williams, and Anselm 39). The just are rewarded on the basis of merit but the sinners are saved because God’s mercy is meant to pity and give an opportunity to those whom justice condemns.
Analysis of the text
This excerpt expresses clearly, the fact that God’s justice and mercy are incompatible, yet he extends mercy to those that have been condemned by justice. Justice involves a situation where deserved punishment must be dispensed in order to cater for the wrongdoing that people are involved in (Stevenson 64). Mercy, on the other hand, is identified as the pardon that is given to offenders of all kinds, which means that execution of one attribute would contradict another. Surprisingly, the two work and coexist in tandem to reflect the very character of God that human beings have struggled for a very long time to discern.
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