As such, it was a good way of women to find their energy and be useful to the society (Buckley et al 112).Davis Floyd describes birth in the United States as a paradigm she labelled “the technocratic model” since it is practiced under a set of beliefs. The process of birth in the contemporary American society includes an initiatory rite of passage for mothers. This rite of passage can be defined as a ritual which is a symbolic, repetitive pattern of cultural enactment of beliefs and values. Birth processes in American hospitals are standardized and there is elaborate use of modern technology. The birth attendants and doctors view this as a medical necessity (Fahy 32). Birth procedures in American hospitals have their roots in the conceptual foundations of the American society. The American beliefs are centred on science, technology and such institutions that that control and disseminate them. As such, there is no better medium to pass on the core values and beliefs than the procedures involving American birth processes in the hospitals. Birth in this model is ritualised in that the birth process is divided in to three main phases seen as rites of passage for the mother and the child. The first phase is the separation which begins with the woman’s awareness of pregnancy, secondly, the transition phase which lasts after several days after birth and finally the integration phase which lasts until after the child is a few months old. This process is pivotal in ritualization since in doing so, the society ensures that its basic values and beliefs are transmitted to the new three members produced in the process. These are the new born baby, the new mother and the man who becomes a father. This is especially important to the new mother as she is the number one teacher to the child who is a new member of the society and a guarantor of its continuity.Women who have embraced childbirth at home may come to reject the core values and principles associated with technocratic birth practices all together. They instead will be more inclined towards perspectives of child bearing and rearing. The holistic model is different from technocratic model in that women who prefer the holistic model view their bodies as sufficient to meet the demands that come with labour and delivery and often will base their parenting abilities on such construct. As such, they are likely to
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