These rules ensured a clear distinction between the natives and the colonialists. For the achievement of this goal, these women formed organizations for the preservation of European thought and lifestyle in the colonies. Her research showed there were two roles, very contrasting, for these European women: the oppressors and the oppressed. The women were subject to the strict rules aimed at placating their men not to wander, thus oppressed. They did this while enforcing actively segregation by race thus oppressing the indigenous people, who would, otherwise, been granted more freedom.Lieba Faier, a Geography assistant professor in the University of California, published this article in November 2008, in an issue of Cultural Anthropology. In it, Lieba tells us about migration of Filipinas, in large scale, into Japan. They went as entertainers and were a section of a larger group of Marcos administration initiated emigrates. These migration patterns were initiated to increase foreign exchange and cut national debt in Philippines. Around 1980, Filipino unemployment had grown, and debt levels were critical. During this time, the Japanese economy was booming, and Filipinas looked to immigrate there. Brokers and managers began recruitment of women, both from rural and urban poor communities as bar hosts and sex workers. Women in Japan, on the other hand, removed themselves from this.Lieba brings to the fore stories of migrants of Filipina origin who, apparently, have escaped from their husbands in Central Kiso of Japan. He asked why these stories have become so significant, yet very few of these women become totally separated from their husbands. The article elevates this “running away” to being an avenue via which migrants of the transnational nature assimilate the chasm between whatever aspirations they had of living overseas and the reality of their experiences once they get there (Parreñas, 2011). Lieba comprehends these occurrences as a runaway avenue that has grown to be an unsettling and uncertain force socially for the Japanese communities, the Filipina women and their families (Parreñas, 2011).In order to focus on how running away made sense to these women of Filipina origin in the Central region of Kiso, he draws attention to the unstable, frantic and subterranean movement micro-rhythms following the dissatisfactions of these Filipina migrants with life abroad (Faier 100). Paying
Faier L. (2009). Intimate encounters: Filipina women and the remaking of rural Japan. Berkley: University of California Press.
Lowe D. L. (1997). The politics of culture in the shadow of capital. Durham: Duke University Press.
Parreñas R. (2011). Illicit Flirtations: Labor, Migration, and Sex Trafficking in Tokyo. Palo Alto: Stanford University Press.
RooyA. L. (2000). Imperial monkey business: racial supremacy in social Darwinist theory and colonial practice. Nashville: VU University Press.
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