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Forensic Archaeology Essay Example

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Forensic Archaeology

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Here ‘R’ is represented in ohms, ‘p’ is represented as in ohm meters and ‘a’ is represented as in meters. In archaeological mapping pole-pole array is commonly used than Wenner array because it gives simpler anomalies which help for identification of noisy environment easily than pole-pole array anomalies.Some factors which cause potential for avoiding the resistivity of the ground includes buried body interruptions which take place while burying the body. This will cause fluctuations in the actual resistance. According to J. Scott and J. R Hunter, Geological society London, in their article, describe some of the important factors which cause for changes in resistivity of the grave environment. They remark, “size of target, area of disturbance, depth of burial, body wrapping includes cloths and sacks, state of decomposition, nature of substrates into which grave has been cut, climate, ground saturation [are some of them]” (Scott, J. and Hunter, J. These factors will affect the size, nature and allotment of ground resistivity, so one cannot define or predict ‘typical’ anomaly. Anyway, approximate calculation of the magnitude of the resistivity change due to burial, considering resistivity mapping techniques.Dating methods is used for calculating the age of a specimen. There is relative dating method, clarify which specimen is older than the other and absolute dating method, gives date in years. For dating of buried remains different kinds of techniques are adopted. These methods are used for finding specific or several disciplines, which is useful for estimating the time of death. For example; forensic entomology will estimate the death time within a few days and here they may get evidence, while forensic anthropology, without evidence concerned people will estimate the time since death. When discussing about the method of dating, two important teams want to familiar are Post-Mortem Interval (PMI) and Post Burial Interval (PBI). PMI is the estimation of time since death and PBI is the duration between time of decomposition and recovery.One of the most important relative dating techniques is stratigraphy which studies about layers of rock or substance embedded within the rock. Rock may have sequential layers, which represents the time interval of decomposition. Another relative dating

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Reference

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B.B.C. (2002) Body found near missing Millys home [online] Available: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/england/1947217.stm (accessed 13 August 2009)

Connor, A., Melissa (2007) Forensic methods, p. 213 Rowman Altamira

Cox, Margaret., Flavel, Ambika., Hanson, Ian (2007) The scientific investigation of mass graves, p. 498 Cambridge University Press

Dating Methods (2009) eNotes.com Available: http://www.enotes.com/earth-science/dating-methods (accessed 13 August 2009)

Hunter, John and Cox, Margaret (2005) Forensic archaeology, Routledge

International Forensic Program (2009) [online] http://physiciansforhumanrights.org/forensic/

[accessed 13 August 2009]

Scott, J. and Hunter, J. R. (2004) ‘Environmental influences on resistivity mapping for the location of clandestine graves.’ P.3 [online] Available: http://www.docjules.com/Papers/scott_hunter_04 (accessed 13 August 2009)

U.S. Department of Justice (1999) Forensic Sciences Available: http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/173412.pdf (accessed 13 August 2009)

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preview essay on Forensic Archaeology
  • Pages: 12 (3000 words)
  • Document Type: Essay
  • Subject: Unsorted
  • Level: Undergraduate
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