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Finance & Accounting Essay

Sheila bair's bank shot
One of her most forceful positions was that banks do not necessarily need to be bailed out in order to stop the onslaught of the financial crisis. This is contained in her position on the larger issue about the too-big-to-fail financial institutions. For instance, Bair vehemently opposed the federal government’s rescue of Bearn Stearns.The article’s focus on FDIC inevitably tied it with the theme of lender-of-last resort. The organization is mandated to rescue and manage failed financial
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Of funds and an increase in per capita, financial markets become very active with the emergence of the financial intermediaries that tend to grow in number and size. This economic growth has a positive change in the overall production level of goods and services in that particular economy. Most of the conventional economists suggest that, factors of production such as capital, land and labor are the key determinants of technological change and are the main source of change in the production
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Sports direct and JJB sports
Figure 2 clearly shows that JJB Sports had two very bad years in terms of investment ratios. The company could not make any profit in these two years. As a result EPS figures for FY 2010 and FY 2011 remained negative. However, the magnitude of loss increased in the FY 2011 which is reflected by a bigger negative EPS number in the FY 2011. Loss per Share in the year 2010 was around €20. It increased to almost €62 per share in the Fiscal Year 2011. Again it was impossible to calculate the P/E
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Social Responsibility - Profit and Ethics
To this end, Friedman outlines four restrictions that should govern the pursuit of profit. These include; adherence to ethical norms, avoidance of fraud or deception, adherence to the law, and engagement in open and free competition (Friedman, 1970). Consequently, social responsibility involves the pursuit of profit making interests with due consideration of others freedom. At this juncture, the premise for advancing the notion that ethical responsibilities can be pursued in tandem with profit
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Short and Medium Term Commercial Financing by a lending institution in the UAE
While allotting loans to regular and non-regular customers, NBD is taking extreme care. Since the bank knows the regular customers very well, loan applications from such customers are processed immediately. In the case of non-regular customers, NBD takes additional time to make sure that these customers are genuine and reliable.To get loan from NBD, both expatriates and locals should prove that they already crossed the age of 21. The bank insists that expatriates should draw a minimum salary of
Pages: 5 (1250 words), Essay
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Strategic Corporate Finance
Irr is also termed as economic rate of return. Irr can be thought to be the rate of growth that a project is expected to generate. The IRR of a project can be compared agaibnsts the rates that are [prevailing in the securities matrkrt. If a company can not find a project that hjas an IRR that is greater than the retunrs, the company should prefer investing the retained earnings into the market.The working capital of a company is equivalent to the current assets less the current liabilities of
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Security analysis
Is a prime location for any investor to pump financial resources into as the prospect of getting a market for the goods and services produced is high.The infrastructural development of a region has an influence on the economic growth of the place. The availability of roads, waterways and other forms of transport is a critical consideration in the evaluation of an investment destination. The Chinese administration has made significant investments in the transport infrastructure. In fact, popular
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Strategic Corporate Finance case study 1
The financial viability can be envisaged using four types of investment appraisal techniques such as 1) Net Present Value (NPV) 2) Internal Rate of Return (IRR) 3) Accounting Rate of Return, and 4) Payback Period (PP). The following discussion incorporates each of these four techniques with respect to both “onshore” and “offshore” projects.Net Present Value of any projects determines the present value of all the future cash flows discounted with an appropriate cost of capital of the
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Stock Market efficiency (WH smith plc)
These form the benchmark for other smaller companies in UK stock market. The UK stock market could be termed as myopic because of the fact that a large section of the investors is inclined to the investments that offer short term returns. The government securities and the treasury bills are traded for a short term of not more than 1 year at a minimum discounted face value. UK stock markets have been recorded to produce an average return of 9. The return of FTSE 100 recorded over the last five
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Satyam Computer Service Accounting Scam
The scam will have negative effects on the company and the Indian people in coming years since the company was the largest IT service provider and outsourcing giant in India Information Technology. This means Satyam computer service will either be sold but the auditors must recover the funds first if the company will go to that position of being sold. The competitors again will benefit from the company being sold. Its rivals like HCL, Wipro and TCS will pick the best employees and clients thus
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SIM and statistical arbitrage
Yahoo Finance is adjustedfordividendsandstocksplitsusingappropriatesplitanddividend multipliers according to thestandard asset by the Centre for Research in Security Prices (Yahoo Finance, 2013). Thesplit multipliers are determined by thesplitratiosuchthat in a 2 for 1 split, the pre-split data will be multiplied by 0.Whilethedividend multipliers are calculatedaccording to thedividend as a percentage of theprice of thestocks.For further analysis Monthly Yields for bank-accepted-bills are
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Standards-Based Decision Making
In our opinion, ABC Corporation’s financial statements require modification to expel the minor inconsistencies with the G.P, despite reflecting a true and fair view of the company’s financial operations.An audit report may provide a qualified or an ‘except for’ opinion after completing a corporate financial audit. Green and Associates may provide a qualified opinion if it believes that ABC corporation’s financial records are not in compliance with the G.P, despite representing a true
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Summative assignment on Next PLC
Also, the gap between the EBITDA and EBIT is also increasing as the depreciation and the amortization expenses are increasing. Consistent expansion and rising cost have affected the margins within turn is reflected in the ROE OF the company in the year 2013 and onwards (BFN News,2013). For a similar reason, the EPS of the company has also declined. In the view of the capital expenditure that company has been incurring and planning to continue so in the in future dividend level will remain same,
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Severn Trent
This is a good sign for the investors as it is clear that the company protects the value of its cash and cash equivalents by offsetting debt to accommodate for ‘new’ debt to strengthen its capital structure.The asset turnover ratio is an efficiency ratio that indicates how a company uses its assets to generate sales. The ratio is relatively low (0.23 for both years). The company’s net sales seem to be affected by the monetary and fiscal policy actions that have made cash readily
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Should the UK government restore the 50% additional rate of income tax?
There were many debates among citizens wondering if the changes would enable the government to get as much as they had anticipated. For instance, 1.3 billion pounds in November 2010 rose to 3.05 billion pounds in December 2011. Great Britain (2010) noted that UK consisted of 31.3 million-taxpayer population but according to the revenue and customs estimate, only 236,000 citizens were entitled to pay the 50% rate in November 2010.Great Britain (2010) noted that the Liberal Democrat Government
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Segmental Information
The accounting standard also sets out necessities for related disclosures concerning products and services, potential clients, and areas of working.According to Sanyan & Danbolt, 2012: 27, the second requirement of IFRS 8 is that an entity ought to report descriptive and financial information concerning its reportable segments. These are aggregations or segments that achieve given criteria. They are elements of an entity on which fiscal information is accessible and is evaluated often by the
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Should the UK government restore the 50% additional rate of income tax?
Residents in the UK normally pay their taxes depending with their taxable incomes that are above their personal allowances within the year. Miller and Oats (2011) noted that the present tax year is from 6 April 2014 to 5 April 2015. Most citizens in the UK pay a personal allowance of 10,000 pounds unless they were born before April 6, 1948 or their incomes are above 100,000 pounds. Campbell (2011) stated that the 50% additional rate of income tax is a charge that was paid by citizens in the
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Stock analysis
The P/E (ttm) is 57.46, and the EPS (ttm) is 1.The news involving the company in the recent past include the deal with Siemens which agreed to buy Dresser-Rand for $7.6 billion where despite the steep fall in oil prices, Siemens was not willing to pull out of the deal. Another news that would prove important in the analysis is the shareholder alert of Brodsky & Smith, LLC announcing investigations of DRC in connection with the sale of the company with the term of transaction providing that
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Sales of bonds backed by riskier US corporate loans have surged to their highest level in seven years, helping to fuel a leveraged lending boom that is concerning regulators.
The concept of CLO can be better understood through a simple example. Consider that a company wants to acquire £100 million for financing a new project. The office premises of the firm are valued at £20 million. Consider that the cost of debt is 5% and the riskless rate of interest is at 1%. If the firm acquires £100 million as debt finance, the entire loan can be divided into two tranches. The top tranche of £40 million is backed by the firm’s premises. The investor has the option of
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Summarise the following papers
Auditing is therefore inexpensive.Jere’s (2004) meta-analysis revealed that despite the false positives and negatives, the audit reports were informative and therefore the audit quality was high. The author noted that auditors are not always accurate in their reporting and this can reduce the audit quality. Auditors tend to report more conservatively (false positives) but mostly fail to get it right when it matters (false negatives). What the false positives and negatives do is create noise
Pages: 20 (5000 words), Essay
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