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Finance & Accounting Essay

Legal Aspects of Derivatives
To hedge against corporate business risks, including risks associated with international operations, exchange rate or interest rate fluctuations, commodity and equity prices as well as the risks associated with lending. The International Swaps and Derivatives Association, ISDA, was formed with a view to encourage the prudent global use of privately negotiated derivative agreements and this body has made it possible for participants to relatively easily enter into such agreements through the use
Pages: 14 (3500 words), Essay
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Lesson 11 - Course Project 1
For instance, Granger cannot tell with certainty the actual sales figures because Atkins changes them before handing them over. On credibility, the IMA expects that management accountants disclose all relevant information that may influence the understanding, and use of the information (IMA 2). Modification of sales figures by Atkins adversely affects the ability by Granger to predict closing inventory levels, which is clearly unethical. In addition, Atkins violates IMA’s stipulation that
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Essay
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Logistics and operations
IS-based inventory systems help managers in tracking deliveries while improving efficiency and keeping control of business processes.A manufacturing or distribution company can never be successful without an IS-based inventory management system because IS keeps proper record of information related to inventory that managers can use for analysis and decision-making purposes. IS-based inventory management system ensures delivery of correct and up-to-date information to intended receivers. An
Pages: 9 (2250 words), Essay
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Limiting Factor
The contribution margin of a product provides the user with the amount in pounds that each individual unit sale contributes towards income after all variable expenses have been deducted. Through a comparison of the contribution margin percentage of all three product types we can plainly see that the most profitable product type is X with 10.48% or £88 per item sold. Although Product Z provides the highest gross margin amount with £116, it stands as the second most profitable product with a
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Essay
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Literature Review - Forms of Business
This literature review will continue to develop the differences between the business structures and provide an understanding of the main characteristics and the advantages and disadvantages of each of these structures.A sole proprietorship is generally the organizational structure that someone takes who is just beginning a start-up company. This allows the individual to have a business name and use their own social security number or register with a business number. A sole proprietorship
Pages: 7 (1750 words), Essay
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Liquidity/ credit risk of banks
This particular concern raises an interesting issue to be researched in the current day context and is thus considered in this proposed research study which will be based on understanding the reasons for liquidity and credit risk for banks in the 21st century phenomenon.It can be apparently observed with reference to the previously conducted research studies that defining and elaborating on the term ‘liquidity’ is quite difficult in relation to financial institutions. In general, liquidity
Pages: 11 (2750 words), Essay
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Literature Review of Personal financial services
The Chinese investment banking companies rely on the strength of the financial services that help the banks to make tailor-made financial products for customised customer requirements. Although CRM is relatively a new concept, it entails different marketing approaches involved in obtaining the refined customer information search, which helps the management to attract potential customers (Besson, 2000). The CRM activities in the financial institutions involve the incorporation of electronic
Pages: 8 (2000 words), Essay
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Life insurance
With these policies, my mother would rest assured that the future life of the family is protected.I was ten when the dark cloud of death befell our family. It was a Monday morning and I was on the couch with my siblings watching a cartoon movie when my mother came downstairs and requested us to accompany our auntie to her home. She would come for us later. With the tone in her voice and the worry in her mood, we obliged without the usual questioning and resistance. I later came to appreciate
Pages: 5 (1250 words), Essay
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Law for Non-Lawyers
Referring to the question of statutory interpretation that is conducted by judges to declare whether the defendant has committed an offence or not, Tom’s case poses certain questions that need to be addressed and analyzed in the light the principles and rules of statutory interpretation. These aspects of concern and their significance to the case is as follows:1) How many people did Tom intend to invite to this particular social gathering? Section 1 (1) of the Act states that the legislation
Pages: 8 (2000 words), Essay
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Life Stages and Financial Products
At this stage of life, people will need to think of relocating to a bigger house that will accommodate more people. Additionally, concerns about merging two people’s financial lives together may arise. Matters to do with health and education for the young children also need to be addressed. It is often necessary to plan for a rainy day as several dependants are in the picture (This is Money, 2013).Expenses at this time will often rise as children and family members can be quite expensive.
Pages: 10 (2500 words), Essay
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Life-cycle saving taxation
Neutrality principle in taxation is the condition where the individual’s efficacy in the economic well being is not hindered by taxation mechanism employed by the policy makers (Anderson, 2012). This implies that the taxation of the households’ savings should be done in a way that does not distort their choice on the time they should consume income. In addition, the taxation system should avoid distorting the choices households make on the asset under which they save through. This means a
Pages: 8 (2000 words), Essay
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Long-term Purchasing Power Parity
Of the short-term dynamics is fundamental for a success in estimating the long-term relations of the time movement to the equilibrium (Mixon, 2005). Considering the possible shifts is vital because such shifts are able to change the statistical tests, which do not give their accounts. The Johansen method will allow for possible connections in determining the variables, such that no variable has an exaggerated priority. This technique will also allow for the testing of the alternatives measures
Pages: 15 (3750 words), Essay
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Legality and Ethicality of Financial Reporting
Thus, the deception and violation of transparency make them liable to clients and third parties and could even cause them a negative corporate image in the long run for fraudulent recording.The criteria by which the SOX Act would apply to the case was noted in terms of the potential misstatement in recording the revenue for the period despite knowing that it has not yet been earned. As explicitly noted, there are “four perspectives to help CPAs meet their responsibilities under the act
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Essay
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Legality and Ethicality of Corporate Governance
Investors, and analysts depend on the information from the accounting department in the decisions to be part of the company or invest in the company. It is, therefore, unethical to misrepresent accounting facts and if the stakeholders realize of the discrepancy in this information, United will definitely lose the respect of the stakeholders and the integrity of the employees involved in the accounting and oversight of the accounting and audit departments. This will result in a reduction of
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Essay
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London Metropolitan Report
Thus, the HFCE had provided excess funds to the University at the expense of other universities in the country. Following the audit reports released for the period between 2002 and 2009 it was established that the university had falsified data in order to receive an amount of money that exceeded the required amount by £36. As a result, the money was clawed back and the amount of the University’s grants their grants lowered by £ 15 million. This eventually led the university to face huge
Pages: 16 (4000 words), Essay
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Leverage and capital structure chapter 13 solutions
Control the firm’s risk and protect themselves against adverse effects of the agency problem by including appropriate provisions in loan agreements. On the other hand, firms benefit by obtaining funds at lower costs by agreeing to the financial and operating constraints placed by loan provisions.A signal is a financial action by management that is believed to reflect its view of the firm’s stock value. Generally, debt financing is viewed as a positive signal that management believes the
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Essay
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Literature Review of multinational cost of capital 2233
This research paper aims at highlighting the different aspects of multinational cost of capital by emphasising on the opinions of different authors.The multinational companies have the ability to raise capital for its operation from different capital markets around the world, despite its domestic opportunity. It is well identified that the multinational companies often encounter difficulty in the foreign country due to the difference in cost of capital between the countries. The studies
Pages: 8 (2000 words), Essay
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Lonmin Plc company analysis
While some of these minerals are already extracted and their value well verified, there is still some more whose value is still to be ascertained. The graph below presents the assets of the company that are held in minerals.In the year 2014, Lonmin Plc made a total sale of 441,684 ounces of Platinum, at a market price value of $1,537 per ounce, which contributed to a higher percentage of the company’s revenues for the year (Lonmin Plc, 2014:n. While the company mostly deals with the sale of
Pages: 8 (2000 words), Essay
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LLM in Project Finance PPP- Risk mitigation
This notion is however refuted as it has been observed that depending on the political stability of a particular country, these partners could face several forms of legal and political risk when change of government takes place.5 It is therefore important for lawyers giving professional counsel to PPP clients to make them aware of what legal and political risks are and how these can be dealt with. Legal and political risk has been explained to be any changes in law or politics of a host country
Pages: 13 (3250 words), Essay
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Limitations to Financial Reporting Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales
Basis of their evaluation of the regulatory policies, have identified that accounting policies related to intangibles, current value, historical costing and disclosure are seen to have received the maximum degree of criticism and required reformation. It had been identified that backward financial reporting, lack of useful information for management and disclosure practices were seen to mislead investors, one of the prime reason that had caused the crisis. The backward looking criteria or
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Essay
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