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Finance & Accounting Essay

Discuss and analyse the recent global financial crisis and consequent credit crunch within an international finance perspective: include the events leading up to the crisis, economic and financial consequences, government responses and lessons to be learn
Banking industry in the nation reflected by the bankrupt conditions of Lehman Brothers as well as purchase of Merrill Lynch by the Bank of America in the midst of government not prepared to bail out all banks. The financial markets gradually became highly unstable with severe fall in stock markets (Marshall, 2009, pp.The severity of the global recession has had its impacts on the prices of assets, the productions as well as the employment. These effects were not only restricted to the US but
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Essay
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Discuss and analyse the recent global financial crisis and consequent credit crunch within an international finance perspective: include the events leading up to the crisis, economic and financial consequences, government responses and lessons to be lear
Advantage of such lowered interest rate and mortgage brokers began to grant mortgages and loan to millions of buyers who did not have the required credit rating and income. Lowered interest rates means lowered amount of mortgage payments.This situation created a speculative frenzy of home buying which continued till 2006. In 2006, Ben Bernanke became the Chairman of FED. As long as this situation persists, the price of houses continued to rise in U.S as a result of lowered interest rates. Both
Pages: 7 (1750 words), Essay
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Developing a conceptual framework is an impossible possibility
Requires that the conceptual framework k should be backed with factual examples touching on the daily happenings in different institutions (Bhimani, 2005 p.What we have discussed in the above statement does not mean that there exists clear and express report of the research problem. However, it is important that research structure should demonstrate impliedly or expressly some issue which are hypothetical in nature and also reveal which other information so required.To avoid misleading ideas on
Pages: 7 (1750 words), Essay
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Discussion form
Both Apple and Google are doing well in managing financial leverage. Apple is getting more return on equity than Google. Apple’s market capitalization is much higher than Google’s.The following three documents demonstrate business activities: balance sheet, income statement, and cash flow statement. These documents contain absolute values. Though, absolute values can explain many aspects of business, but cannot determine relative values. Relative values represent differentiation among
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Essay
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Discuss the extent to which you believe the techniques and instruments of Management Accounting are relevant to the following two types of organisations: Hospitals and Universities.
Even though most of the discussion in accounting literature has been industrial applications oriented, the technique itself is quite common and can be applied in a wide variety of businesses and types of organizations such as hospital and universities.This technique is often in accounting referred to as variance analysis. The technique is not, however, connected to the statistical variance procedure analysis. In accounting application, the term "variance" simply means the difference between two
Pages: 7 (1750 words), Essay
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Describe the various purposes, as discussed in the literature, of budgeting for national governments Discuss the relative importance of these purposes and the ways in which some of the purpose may conflict
Budget, as a term, can be used for describing the categorization of costs and income related to a particular economic activity so that the financing of the specific activity to be appropriately arranged.The term budget can be related not only to the economic life of a nation but also to the activities of enterprises; reference is made to the company budget, as opposed to the national budget. Even if the two types of budget have many similarities, their scope and principles are highly
Pages: 14 (3500 words), Essay
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Does it matter whether or not firms pay dividends? Why?
Furthermore, dividend payouts of companies depend on the long term sustainable earnings rather than term profitability. Therefore, managers should make dividend payouts very consciously regarding the increase of dividend payouts. If they make any wrong decision regarding revised dividend payout, then they have to cancel the increase in dividend in a special announcement to the shareholders.This is substantial impact of change in dividend payout in stock price of companies as well as perceived
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Essay
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Do we expect the PPP theory to hold in the real world? Discuss.
Certain prises change at a more rapid rate and the change in then exchange rates are majorly affected by the changes in the relative prices of the goods. Thus strongly contradicts the theory of PPP because the PPP equation does not seem to hold in the real world in the short run. The exchange rates are influenced by the economic events occurring in the real world. Exchange rate fluctuations need to be considered even when the average price levels remain constant (Obstfeld and Rogoff, 1996, pp.
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Essay
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Discuss how a small UK education-sector organisation might use ABC to (a) produce product costs for services, and to (b) evaluate the internal efficiency, quality and profitability per product or service line. Both benefits and drawbacks must be considere
Might adopt and use the ABC method for producing product costs for services and evaluating the efficiency, quality as well as the profitability per product or service line. With this aim, A.S Neills Summerhill School has been selected for this assignment, which is located in England. The school was established in 1921 and had to face many ups and downs since then2. Accordingly, as a small school, the organisation also had to face various financial problems, wherein the implementation of the ABC
Pages: 10 (2500 words), Essay
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Does it matter whether or not firms pay dividends? Why?
It is considered to have a detrimental impact on the interests of an organization under such circumstances. It can be said at this point that generous dividend policies may not be considered as the best for an organization. The organization’s investment policy goes a large way in determining the dividend or financing policy that is adopted by an organization. The investment policy of the organization can be considered as the main thing which drives its engine. It is in this regard that people
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Essay
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Disabled Access Tax Credit(It's a Small Business Tax Credit for facility Upgrades to Accomodate the Disabled)
There may be barriers that many people may not notice until they find themselves ill, disabled in some way or just taking care of a sick or disabled person. Signs, public-address systems, road signals and such facilities may be deemed distractive (Community Tool Box par. However, these are objects that make life bearable for some groups of people, especially the disabled. The disabled people require directions and assistance from time to time, more frequently as compared to normal people. The
Pages: 8 (2000 words), Essay
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Discuss the main causes of the 2008/09 global financial crisis and its relation with the problem of global imbalances and current sovereign debt problems in Europe.
However, as the crisis bore down on these banks and other entities within the economy, it was soon understood that the levels of debt and exposure to bad debt that the banks had on their books were ultimately untenable (Bernanke, 2007). Firstly, with regards to the banking and economic meltdown that occurred between 2007/2008, this must be understood as a global crisis. Although it began in the United States as a result of the subprime mortgage crisis, it rapidly spread globally and has
Pages: 8 (2000 words), Essay
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Do a excel then write a report.
Minimizing of such fluctuations is able to increase financial flows from investments. It is not a simple process. In fact, immunization is a difficult model that can be solved via complicated calculations and modeling. One of such models is going to be considered in the report.As it has been mentioned above there are a lot of immunization strategies and models. We are going to consider binomial tree-based immunization strategy. The essence of this strategy is described below.“Effective
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Essay
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Discuss the role that risk culture played in causing the Barclays LIBOR Scandal, the London Whale rogue trading losses of JP Morgan and the failure of HBOS during the financial crisis. What can be learned from these cases to help strengthen the risk
These features include enhancing disclosure of non-financial risks that are generally ignored in a company’s balance sheet and greater investments in and promotion of corporate risk management (Power, 2005; Gates, 2006). The ERM ensures that companies are financially well-equipped for the risks considered so that, in case of adversity, they are able to pay off the debt. Another important feature of ERM system is that it highlights and reduces systematic risk (Hoyt and Liebenberg, 2011). There
Pages: 12 (3000 words), Essay
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Dividend policy
Dividend is divided under three theories which includes constant dividend per share, constant percentage of net earnings and small constant dividend per share plus extra dividend. For this study, the renowned airline based company “Emirates” has been chosen to form an appropriate dividend policy (Emirates, 2014).Emirates is a well-known airline service based in Dubai. It is the one of the largest airline companies in the Middle East, which operates nearly 3,400 flights per week from Dubai
Pages: 12 (3000 words), Essay
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Discuss these abstracts in the context of academic research and recent developments in audit regulation and practice.
Sometimes, certain information may qualify to be material without the intention or knowledge of the accountants and the management (Brannan & Gray, 2005, pp26). Therefore, the auditors have the task of exploring all the financial records and scrutinize them to establish, justify and certify that the information represented in them is quite relevant to the true status of the organization (Dodaro, 2013, pp419). Any deviation should be investigated to establish whether it can amount to the
Pages: 8 (2000 words), Essay
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Discuss the rationale for Pfizers bid,and explain why Kraft-Cadbury has influenced the governments stance on mergers and acquisitions.
Not impressive, few considered its opening target of £50 a long shot at the moment but the offer rapidly dropped to £48 leading to the share drop down of about 6% meaning that the value of its cash together with the share proposal were affected.Under the terms it was supposed to be that the offer for each AstraZeneca shareholder to walk away with 1.845 shares as a group while £15.98 placed in cash. According to the Pfizer closing share stood at the price worthy $31.15, this means that the
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Essay
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Development finance
The new model requires easy exchange of labour especially that concerned with enhanced skills and technical knowledge. However, this free movement is determined by several factors including the transaction costs of movement of workers. Workers act as means of exchanging knowledge and skills among industries, and an adequate flow of knowledge eventually leads to more productivity and hence higher wages. Workers with accumulated knowledge and skills can either benefit or suffer under the emerging
Pages: 15 (3750 words), Essay
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Discuss the reasons why activity-based costing may be preferred to traditional absorption costing in the mordern manufacturing environment
That traditional absorption costing uses a single, volume-based cost driver, is known to assign overhead costs to product depending on their relative direct labour usage. The result of such assumption is always an inaccurate cost of products.Apart from being accurate, activity-based costing is also believed to have the ability of improving business processes. An activity-based costing system allocates indirect cost on the basis of a particular product’s cost driver (Cokins 2006, p. The
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Essay
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Digital currency--Bitcoin
According to Bitcoin Investment (11), Bitcoin has advantage of the physical currency in that individuals can make direct financial investments without the need to move their money from one source to another.Diversified portfolio is the practice of interest in various unrelated portfolio with the main aim of risk reduction in portfolio investment. Digital currencies provide a highly attractive investment portfolio for varied investors. The nature and operations of digital currencies however are
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Essay
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