Bargaining agreements are realistic, agency problems where the leader’s incentives differ from those of the populations which they represent, multilateral interactions where every potential agreement is blocked by some coalition of states, and ethnic cleansing (Jackson and Morelli 3).First, war can be instigated by religion. The aim of this war is to either increase the population of one religion or eliminate the other. This makes this war to be compatible with the well being of another population. This makes the religious wars to be comprehended on a rational perspective. For example, the Crusaders were motivated to engage in warfare by a genuine religious inspiration. As a result, they conquered numerous territories in the East. Another religious-based war is the long standing conflict between the predominant-Muslim Palestine and predominant-Christian Israel (Jackson and Morelli 5-7).The second reason is revenge. People engage in war as a result of the emotional actions that are inspired exclusively by anger for a past action. Even though the war driven by revenge are rare, they effects are equally deleterious (Jackson and Morelli 8). The third cause is asymmetric information about the potential drawbacks and benefits of war. This may come about as a result of the relative strengths of the nations because of the differences in what they know each other with regard to the quality of military personnel and tactics, political climate, geography, and determination. The imperfect information about the opponent’s strength is a source of conflict. For example, the current conflict between the U.S and Iran with regard to Iran having nuclear weapons. If war would occur relies on the extent to which private information would be credibly revealed. More to the point, if two states are convinced that they would benefit from the war; war can erupt because they believe that they can compensate for the war costs (Jackson and Morelli 10-12).The next factor that causes war is the inability to enforce a bargaining agreement. When a person or a country fails to reach an agreement they are highly prone to engage in war. The fifth factor is the indivisibilities of resources which can change hands in a war, so that not all the likely mutually advantageous bargaining agreements are realistic. When there is failure to agree on the manner in which the resources can be divided, war can erupt (Jackson and Morelli 13-16).The sixth factor is the agency problems
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