One of the world famous microbiologists is Joshua Lederberg. Mr. Lederberg was born in 1925 in America and passed away in 2008. During his years in the world, he made the major contribution in the field of microbiology. He served in America as a molecular biologist and introduced new ideas about microbial genetics. In 1958, when he was 33 years old, he discovered that bacteria have the ability of mating and exchanging gene. Due to the discovery, he won an award in physiology or medicine. The Nobel price made him be famous and popular and shared the price with George Beadle and Tatum Edward who won because of their genetics work. Lederberg concentrated on artificial intelligence and made major impacts in discovering life on Mars. Lederberg is an individual who made the major impact in the field of microbiology. bibliography 23 May 1925, Lederberg was born by a Jewish family in the city of Montclair, New Jersey. His mother was known as Esther Goldenbaum and father was Rabbi Zvi Hirsch. Immediately after his birth, the parents migrated to Manhattan, Washington Heights. Lederberg was born in a family of three. He had other two brothers who were born latter. He was the first born son of the family and helped the parents in home activities (Nobelpri, e.org, 2011). In 1946 while at Yale University, he got married to Esther M. Zimmer and they did not have children. His wife acquired an M.A from Stanford University and got a PhD degree from University of Wisconsin. She worked as a research associate full time. They divorced in 1966. He then married Marguerite Stein who was a psychiatrist in 1968 and gave birth to three children (Anne, David and Marguerite) (Nobelprize.org, 2011). Lederberg was successful in education, because he completed all levels of education. He went in different schools in New York. He started by joining public school 46, then went to Junior High school 146, and completed high school studies in Stuyvesant High School. Latter in 1941 to 1944 he joined the Columbia College and studies undergraduate program.
Nobelprize.org (2011). Joshua Lederberg- Biographical. Retrieved 25 April 2011, from http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1958/lederberg-bio.html
Nobelproze.org (2011). Joshua Lederberg- Facts. Retrieved 18 March 2011, from http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1958/lederberg-facts.html
Profile in Science (2010). The Joshua Lederberg Papers. Retrieved 12 June 2010, from http://profiles.nlm.nih.gov/BB/
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