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Factors that Shaped Black Nationalism Movements Essay Example

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Factors that Shaped Black Nationalism Movements

Black Nationalism is a social and political movement of the 1960’s, whose roots can be traced to the United States of America, with the aim of giving African Americans some national identity. While civil rights leaders such as Martin Luther King fought for integration in the country, others advocated for separatism and this gave rise to Black Nationalism, built on the basic precept that people of color would never achieve true equality in the United States. Black Nationalism was therefore meant to achieve racial solidarity, black self-help, and economic self-sufficiency.
1. Racial exclusion
This is one of the factors that informed and shaped the Black Nationalism movements because the Afro-Americans had experienced forcible exclusion from society by a covertly and overtly exploitative and racist White community. The periods of terror and repression in the United States made it apparent that equal participation was impossible in times of crisis and this pushed people like Marcus Garvey to spread the notion of Black Nationalism. 
2. Negro Urbanization 
Negro urbanization and the settlement events that followed the civil war helped in spreading Black Nationalism movements. Immigration was already out of the topic as blacks eventually earned their citizenship and settlement in urban centers, an aspect that reshaped Garvey’s movement. The mass movements were initiated from the cities, unlike in ancient times when the Negro society resided in rural areas. During these moments, Garvey and other proponents of Black Nationalism were never subject to mass suggestions unless it was done in revivals and camps.
 3. The need for African Redemption 
A greater part of the Negro society and Christian believers had a strong connection with Africa, with the belief that they could not prosper socially and economically unless Africa was free from colonial oppression (Harris, 2001). Garvey believed that it is the African freedom that would guarantee success in other parts of the world. In order for black salvation to take off, Garvey resorted to economic progress through the establishment of businesses, companies and militant groups which helped to spread Black Nationalism even further.

preview essay on Factors that Shaped Black Nationalism Movements
  • Pages: 7 (1750 words)
  • Document Type: Term Paper
  • Subject: History
  • Level: Undergraduate
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