This fundamental about culture can be said to be ideological in nature. The second fundamental is associated with the people’s characters, behavior and their food (Jack and Phipps, 2005) .This is a cultural fundamental that is normally said to be materialistic in nature. Tourists, whether volunteer tourists or normal tourists, have to interact with these two fundamentals of the host culture where they have visited. As cited by Wall and Mathieson (2006), short term tourists will normally get to grasp so much cross cultural knowledge and differences as compared to the locals. On the other hand, long term volunteer tourists normally have an impact on the local’s perspective about their difference in culture. Therefore, cross cultural differences can be said to be affected by the level of interaction between the volunteer tourist and the local host. The level of interaction is however affected by the language compatibilities of the two diverse cultures, the period of interaction and the willingness and cooperation between the host and the tourist. These are the factors which will affect the ability of cultural exchange.Volunteer tourism is quite a different form of tourism because it is described as tourism with a purpose. This therefore creates the need for harmony and cooperation between the host community and the tourists visiting these areas. This therefore affects the cross border relationships between the host nation and the nation sending their delegation of tourists. Several nations have created diplomatic ties because of the effect of volunteer tourism that escalated to being noticeable on national heights. This normally has an effect on the both the host country and the guest country because trade treaties and bilateral development projects normally arise because of the volunteering exchange programs. As much as allies can be built through volunteer tourism, enemity can also be cultivated through the same. Hostility from the host community can broil sour relationship between the two nations hence affecting their diplomatic ties. Negligence from the host community may lead to harm or death to the guests.Moufakirr and Burns (2011) cite Alexander and Baker (2011) trying to define the meaning of volunteer tourism as tourism involving volunteering and working for the better good of the world and especially the local community. Alexander and Baker (2011) implied
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