The war is still clear in the brains of numerous Englishmen. With this in mind, the jazz musicians then had the need to stimulate the nerves of its listeners. Fitzgerald says that the youth of the time were wild, while new types of audiences rose from the war9. Barker and Barbara add that there involved the wealthy middle class’ kids, servicemen, bureaucrats, and women escalating to public service10. A close check of these audiences entails gender and class.Yet another motivation of jazz in 1918-39 was the culture aspect. Cocktails became fashionable that was previously a function of the working class11. It is this verity that fronted the jazz age that involved the creation of dance halls, clubs and tea dances. Hotels began to offer music, dances, live entertainment and traditional dining settings12. The women on the other hand had found their independence in the 1918-28 that led to their freedom in the public domain13.The content of the music was also motivated with the fact that the youth rebelled against the then values and adopted a novel lifestyle to suit their time. The youths of the 1920s actually used jazz as a mechanism to rebel against their older generations14. This motivated the artists as they wrote and played music that focused on modernized women-some smoking cigar, other drinking-, sex and also dirty talk. A good example is the Lucas Jazz Band that supported the jazz age15. The jazz artists, therefore, had the pressure to accommodate all the upcoming generations in the post- war period. The diversities became part of the jazz live performers who hoped to survive in the times. Scaruffi gives an example of the Papa Laines Reliance Brass Band that played jazz music that represented the culture of the times16.European composers between 1918 and 1939 chose to employ its materials in their jazz compositions due to the socio-economic changes perpetuated by the 1st World War. Barker and Barbara say that fashion and style was at its peak17. The population was expected to flourish especially the women in the interwar period. This lifestyle was to be crowned by stylish music, jazz, that represented the events of this time. The performances representing the age increased, as the writers of the songs aimed at touching the hearts of its
Barker, C., and Barbara, G. M., British Theatre Between the Wars, 1918-1939,Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2000.
Fitzgerald, S., Echoes of the Jazz Age C., New York, Scribner, 1931.
Gioia, T., The History of Jazz, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2011.
Price, E., Kernodle, T., and Maxille, H., Encyclopedia of African American Music. London, ABC-CLIO, 2010.
Scaruffi, P., A History of Jazz Music 1900-2000, New York, P. Scaruffi Publisher, 2007.
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