As a result, the individuals from various zones and regions of the globe have migrated to USA on temporary or permanent basis for seeking higher education, getting medical treatment, starting corporate ventures and in search of job and employment.Besides, the ancestors of a considerable majority of the contemporary era African Americans had also been taken as slaves for the service of their white counterparts from seventeenth century onward (Donoghue 2010, p. It not only introduced the black racial groups in the country, but also led to frequent occurrence of clashes of interests between the white majority and black minority, resulting into the civil rights movements launched by the largest ethnic minority or blacks to obtain rights for them equivalent to the white majority of American society (Donoghue 2010, p. These rights included the right to live as free members of society, seek education and health facilities, cast votes in favour of the candidates of their choice, and be treated as white citizens. Hence, major ethnic movements were launched, organised and participated by the African American members of United States.The black community, called African Americans, serves as the second largest racial group and the largest ethnic minority of the USA (Weeks 2003, p. Despite spending several decades as slaves in the service of their white masters, the blacks ultimately strived to break the chains of slavery during second half of eighteenth century, which resulted into abolishment of slave trade in the country in 1808 (White et al. The blacks during slavery had to undergo starvation, cold weather, nakedness, beatings, whippings, and other inhuman. Ethnic Minority Movements in the USA.
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