The factors according to this theory include the decision maker’s work environment, social environment, governmental/legal environment, personal environment and professional environment. These factors greatly affect the decision making and force them either to make an ethical or unethical decision. Let discuss some of them keeping in view the given case.
Work environment plays a major role in taking an ethical or unethical decision. Places where unethical acts are discouraged, employees don’t dare to take morally negative decisions. However, in the given case, Zach was encouraged by his boss to use his previous work in the new project so that they may save time. Moreover, Zach was also interested in moving fast in his career. So he opted to do an unethical act.
Zach was married days before he was offered the position of team leader for that project. His dreams were high and he was also wishing to have a bigger house. All these social needs forced him to go for the unethical decision. Had he refused, his relation with his boss might have deteriorated and there was a possibility that he would have been fired or demoted. So he didn’t think about morality at that time. Normative Ethical Theories.
Bommer, M., Gratto, G., Gravender, J., & Tuttle, M. (1987). A Behavioural Model of Ethical and Unethical Decision Making. Journal of Business Ethics , 256-280.
Cline, A. (n.d.). Retrieved October 22, 2009, from About.com: http://atheism.about.com/od/ethicalsystems/a/Deontological.htm
Velasquez, M. G. (2006). Business Ethics (Sixth ed.). Delhi, India: Pearson Education.
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