The of 1971 introduces controls over psychotropic drugs to reduce their diversion into illicit drugs by expanding their spectrum. According to the convention, even synthetic drugs are controlled to prevent their diversion into illicit pathways thereby abusing drugs and chemicals that have a therapeutic value. Both conventions of 1961 and 1971 address the issue of drug trafficking to introduce measures of controlling drug abuse by classifying drugs based on their scientific, medical, or therapeutic usage so that they can be prevented from being diverted into illicit channels thereby leading to drug abuse. The conventions are especially important for the availability of narcotic and psychotropic drugs for legitimate purposes such as used as a medicine, healer, or due to other therapeutic properties. This ensures that, while illicit drugs are prohibited and banned, the healthcare industry and other related chemical industries still receive the drugs to be used for appropriate purposes. International cooperation is an integral part of drug control campaigns as drug cartels are located across continents, which is why a global effort is required to tackle their international presence. Therefore, the UN conventions are primarily aimed at countering drug trafficking at a global level so as to address the core of drug abuse. The 1988 UN convention is more recent and provides an expanded list of measures for countering drug trafficking by restricting the diversion of drugs in their precursor stages (“UN Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs”). It addresses some other related aspects of drug trafficking by organized criminal drug lords such as money transfer and money laundering. By controlling money transfer and other dimensions of the drug trade, the convention hopes to address the issue at a larger base so that drug cartels are tackled and the transportation of drugs is restricted across transnational borders.
Beittel, June S. Mexico’s Drug Trafficking Organizations: Source and Scope Of The Rising Violence. Ebook. 1st ed. Congressional Research Service, 2011.
National Drug Threat Assessment. Ebook. U.S. Department Of Justice: National Drug Intelligence Center, 2011.
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. 'Convention against the Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances'. Last modified 2013. Accessed August 25, 2014. http://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/treaties/illicit-trafficking.html.
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. 'Convention on Psychotropic Substances'. Last modified 2013. Accessed August 25, 2014. http://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/treaties/psychotropics.html.
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. 'Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs'. Last modified 2013. Accessed August 25, 2014. http://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/treaties/single-convention.html.
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