Many times, a person will have a fracture before becoming aware that the disease is present. By the time a fracture occurs, the disease is in its advanced stages and damage is severe. The causes of osteoporosis include being confined to bed, chronic rheumatoid arthritis, chronic kidney disease, eating disorders, corticosteroid medications, hyperparathyroidism, vitamin D deficiency, amenorrhea, large consumption of alcohol and smoking. Worldwide, an osteoporotic fracture is estimated to occur every three seconds and is estimated to affect 200 million women worldwide. Approximately one-tenth of women aged 60, one-fifth of women aged 70, two-fifths of women aged 80 and two-thirds of women aged 90 (International Osteoporosis Foundation, 2011). Osteoporosis and low bone mass are currently estimated to be a major public health threat for almost 44 million U.S. women and men aged 50 and older. The 44 million people with either osteoporosis or low bone mass represent 55 percent of the people aged 50 and older in the United States. By the year 2010, it is estimated that more than 52 million women and men in this same age category will be affected and, if trends continue, the figure will climb to more than 61 million by 2020. In 2002, it is estimated that more than 10 million people already have osteoporosis. The Silent Attack of Osteoporosis.
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