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Epidemiologic Investigation of Hepatitus and how it affects public health Essay Example

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Epidemiologic Investigation of Hepatitus and how it affects public health

Faeces is defined as the “waste matter remaining after food has been digested, discharged from the bowels; excrement”. Even a less amount of faeces that was transmitted through the mouth can cause infection. It is very common in those parts of the world where proper sewage and sanitation infrastructure is not available and people become the victim of Hepatitis A through contaminated water and food. Prioritizing personal hygiene like proper washing of hands can minimize the risk of its spread. It is also categorized as sexually transmitted disease (STD) as it can be transmitted during intercourse especially when couples resort to anilingus (rimming). In this case, hepatitis A can be avoided by proper washing of genital and anal areas and by the use of condoms during sexual activity. Like hepatitis A, hepatitis B (HBV) is also affecting the people and according to an estimate nearly 350 million people are victim of this disease. It is transmitted from infected person to healthy person through bodily fluids and most common practices include: (a) indulging in penetrative sex without condom (entry of penis into anus, mouth or vagina), (b) sharing of infected medical equipments like needles etc. (c) tattooing, body piercing or acupuncture through non-sterilized equipments, (d) from a mother to a new born, (e) un-protected blood transfusion and (f) it can be spread through coughing or sneezing. “Hepatitis C, like other forms of hepatitis, causes inflammation of the liver. The hepatitis C virus is transferred primarily through blood, and is more persistent than then hepatitis A or B” (Rockstroh 2011). Generally, it spreads by using the shared injecting equipments like needle or syringes etc.It is fundamental function of the liver to process blood for the prevention of the toxins. The liver also produces bile, which helps human body to digest food and stocks vitamins and glucose. Hepatitis makes it difficult for the liver to perform its vital functions. Fatigue, skin problems, occurrence of fever, blood disorders and yellowing skin are the preliminary symptoms of the disease which later manifested in the form of liver damage, liver failure and liver cancer. Moreover, when liver abandons its primary function of filtering toxins of blood, the central nervous system of the body can be damaged which is called hepatic encephalopathy. Its symptoms are musty breath, sleep disturbance and weakening of small motor skills. The pile

Work Cited

“Online Etymology Dictionary”. Etymoline.com. Retrieved 29.06.2014.

Chin, James (Editor). Control of Communicable Disease Manual. American Public Health Association, Washington DC, 2000.

Rockstroh, JK (2011). “The European AIDS Treatment Network (NEAT) Acute Hepatitis C Infection Consensus Panel”. AIDS 25

Aach RD, Stevens CE, Hollinger FB, Mosley JW, Peterson DA, Taylor PE, Johnson RG, Hepatitis C virus infection in post-transfusion hepatitis. An analysis with first- and second-generation assays. N Engl J Med 1991; 325: 1325–1329.

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preview essay on Epidemiologic Investigation of Hepatitus and how it affects public health
  • Pages: 4 (1000 words)
  • Document Type: Essay
  • Subject: Environmental Studies
  • Level: Masters
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