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Environmental Studies Essay

Write a report assessing the feasibility of different techniques for providing fresh water to arid regions of the world
In water-scarce semi-arid and coastal- arid areas that are inland located where the only available source of water is either (brackish) ground water or saline. This technology of water harvesting has been used since the twentieth century as (Awerbuch, 2004; and Schiffler 2004) report about the global use of desalination capacity and its challenges. About fifty percent of worldwide desalination occurs in the Middle East, followed by North America and Europe. The future usage of desalination is
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Essay
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Water pollution
This natural process, however, is time consuming and ineffective when excessive quantities of harmful substances are added to water (SDWF). This is precisely the problem that we face today. The excessive industrial waste has significantly hampered the natural cleansing process, leaving previously fresh water, polluted and not useful for the purposes it was meant for. Human waste contributes significantly to the problem also. Every day, approximately 2 million tons of human waste are disposed in
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Essay
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WITH REFERENCE TO THE UN MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS, CRITICALLY EVALUATE THE ASSERTION THAT HEALTH IS NOW TOP OF THE INTERNATIONAL AGENDA FOR DEVELOPMENT
Under this goal, United Nations (2007, p. 23), explains that the first target was to reduce by halve the proportion of people living on less than a dollar a day from what the population was in 1990. Reddy and Heuty (2005, p. 10) argues that poverty is a multi-dimensional phenomenon and defines it as lack of options to various dimensions of the quality of life. There are many people living in absolute poverty in some parts of Asia and Africa as observed by Reddy and Heuty (2005, p.Poverty
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Essay
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What is peak oil ? Is there any evidence that cities in the developing world are taking the issue seriously in their planning ? If there is little or no evidence, why is this the case ?
The problem of ‘peak oil’ is also related to the issue of global warming. When oil production peaks and starts declining, it will be necessary to use other substitutes besides renewable resources examined above, such as coal. This will be necessary to power electric and hybrid vehicles and as the material converted into diesel fuel. These processes producing carbon dioxide will increase air and water pollution, and adversely affect climate change. “Therefore, a potential effect of climate
Pages: 10 (2500 words), Essay
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Water laws in United States
CWA §316(b) requires that the different aspects that are associated with cooling water intake structures are required to meet certain standards that take into account the environmental impact that they have (Surface Water Standards & Guidance, 2012).The rights of the separate communities of America too have to be maintained while framing the laws regarding them. The maintenance of the peaceful fabric of the American society is to be given a great deal of importance while framing these laws.
Pages: 5 (1250 words), Essay
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Water Management in Yellow River
According to Eng and Ma (2006), major companies are calling off their business ventures due to water concerns as well as augmenting internal conflicts over the quality and allocation of water resources. These events have resulted in new political pressures on the regional and central governments to tighten their fight with the current water management problems.A 2005 Chinese Government report revealed that fifty thousand environmentally related protests occurred, most of which revolved around
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Essay
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What are the factors that influence individual and international response to disasters and what role does and should the media play?
The effect of a disaster is gauged in reference to how humans are concerned (Rochon et al 2005, p. In circumstances where there is no significant, there is no disaster despite the actual happening of a hazardous event (e. a tremendously large and violent tornado happens in a totally unpopulated regions of a country.Secondly, natural disasters are political since they entail public policy. How poorly or well people tone down, plan for, react to and get over disasters is openly related to how
Pages: 8 (2000 words), Essay
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What does it mean to securitise the environment
… as a result, many actors will alter their approach to these issues and devise new ways to address them, most notably through the freeing up and dedication of increased resources. Behavioral change could thus be understood to be stimulated, in part, by the process of securitization itself” (Leboeuf & Broughton, 2008: 18). Speaking about the possible ecological threats, we always think about “the struggle of people with nature” that is about natural disasters. It is not possible to
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Essay
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Watershed Protection Plan for water quality on the Cumberland State Forest in Virginia
Practices like permanent conservation of land, establishment, and maintenance of riparian buffer zones increasing urban forest canopy by planting trees and planting trees on non-forested open land are closely related to meeting water quality goals. Similarly, research shows that the best method to maintain or improve water quality is through protection strategies as opposed to restoration strategies water quality (Virginia department of Forestry 1). These strategies include the purchase of
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Essay
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Waste management-msw composition
In paper waste than Nigeria because there are high spending on packaging material and the absence of those who pick rags since Italy is richer than Nigeria. Nigeria as one of the developing country uses old newspapers and other unsoiled papers for packaging foods, while Italy being a developed country puts waste papers and old newspapers into trash rather that keeping them at the section of generation for the purpose of disposing scrap dealers (Choi, 2007, pp112-156).The main reason variation
Pages: 11 (2750 words), Essay
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Water policy in the western USA
According to the United States geological survey, there is a 99% likelihood of a major earthquake in the southern parts of the state according to information from the last three decades. It is only in northern California that the risk is a bit lower but still disrupts the normal water supply and use in the state (Von der Portena & De Loë, 2014).Earthquakes results into damage and the disruption of water infrastructure on the state and these results into the disruption in water supply to
Pages: 7 (1750 words), Essay
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Waste Management in Cumbria
It was as a result of the ban that the Distington was preferred as a point for treating aqueous non-hazardous wastes that were sent initially to the landfill (Messenger 2014). A Liquid Waste Acceptance Facility was built near to the existing leachate treatment plant so as to provide treatment services continuously to the liquid waste disposal to the customers. It was believed that the construction of the plant would also result to the generation of income through creation of new business.The
Pages: 10 (2500 words), Essay
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Wooden Chairs
Any organisation engaged in the production of goods using natural resources needs to consider environmental or social issues in order to enhance environmental and social sustainability for a sustainable development (International Trade Centre and International Tropical Timber Organization 2005). In this period when climate change is becoming real, human life is directly and indirectly affected. Therefore, companies producing furniture need to develop mechanisms that may be used to conserve
Pages: 14 (3500 words), Essay
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WHAT IS FOOD INSECURITY? WHAT ARE THE MAIN REASONS FO FOOD INSECURITY IN THE DEVELOPING WORLD??
In the developing countries, there are a number of factors that are believed to lead to food insecurity. One of the most common causes of food insecurity in developing world is drought. When there is an occurrence of a drought people are not always able to get the harvests that they initially target. As a result of such failures, households are never able to have sufficient supply of food as they would have in case the harvest was a good one. What makes matters worse during droughts is that
Pages: 10 (2500 words), Essay
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Water Pollution of Duwamish River (Seattle)
Chemical pollutants like lead are always consumed by tiny sea animals. Later on, these tiny animals are consumed by fish, which in turn is consumed by human beings. This can lead to an aspect referred to as food poisoning.Water pollution affects the entire world, and therefore, there is a need of coming up with a water resource policy, that can help in the reduction of water pollution. Furthermore, there is a suggestion and proof that water pollution is one of the leading causes of deaths in
Pages: 13 (3250 words), Essay
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Waste management systens
The word community has developed to be identified with terms such as towns, neighbourhoods and villages regardless of the fact that communities can exist in other form of relationships like social, professional or spiritual. The word community is often used too casually as the people may not have the best opinions throughout. This is because people living on the same community may have differing hopes, convictions and identities. This implies that there may be a distribution of the level of
Pages: 8 (2000 words), Essay
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Waste process and sustainable development
The index also further assist in the assessment of the gaps that require the implementation of the management teams of the organizations (Rogers, Jalal and Boyd, 2008). Sustainability index also assists the investors in the evaluation of the suitable methodologies that provide the countries they do their operations. In this instance, it gives the options of coming up with policies that can lead to the achievement of the desired and acceptable sustainable development. In summary, the
Pages: 14 (3500 words), Essay
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What is the future of renewable energy
Therefore, there was an urgent need to replace wood by coal and fuel energy during industrial revolution; these sources have been used for quite a long period of time (Wengenmayr,et al. Even though double growth has been witnessed in economy ever since these natural sources of energy were discovered and put into use, they are accompanied with numerous challenges. The main problem with these traditional sources of energy is that the natural resources of fossils such as coal and gas have rapidly
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Essay
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Water and sustainability
The federal and state laws and codes are tasked with the determination of the various operational requirements, public notifications of the standards, provision of guidance to the state primacy agencies and publish the consumer confidence reports (Liu, Jianguo, and Wu Yang 650).Unlike China, the laws in the US such as Safe Drinking Water Act ensure quality of the drinking water is high. The public water systems in the US must comply with the laws to ensure that the water is safe. Unlike the US,
Pages: 5 (1250 words), Essay
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Write a complete laboratory report that covers all three experiments for Lab 2 Water Quality and Contamination
Poisons, disease causing agents and toxins can reside in water, and adversely affect people (De Villiers, 2001).The objective of the three experiments was to find out the effects of ground water contamination, the process of water treatment and testing the quality of drinking water. Research indicates that toxins and lead acid chemicals are responsible for majority of cancers affecting many people today. It is because of these impurities and dangers associated with contaminated water that water
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Essay
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