Although governments have been trying to act as though they are protecting these animals, their efforts have been half hearted and they have therefore borne very little fruits. If the current loss of forests goes unabated, then many animal and plant species will be left in jeopardy (Michael 51).Apart from the direct human actions that have led to the extinction of various animal and plant life, human beings have also carried out indirect activities that have led to adverse effects on animal and plant life. To begin with, increasing burning of fuels has led to the depletion of the ozone layer, which has in turn brought adverse plant and animal life. Due to global warming, the tropics have been disappearing at a fast rate leading to a scenario where the plants and animals living in those areas have found it hard to survive and have therefore become extinct. For this reason, human activity accounts for the highest rate of animal and plant extinction in the universe.The issue of whether human beings are responsible for plant and animal protection has been the subject of discussion among philosophers for a long time. Today, an average of 20 million species live in the global ecosystem with some of them surviving for almost 3.5 billion years. However, the present rate at which these species are becoming extinct has had scientists worried. Researchers point out that the extinction rate is currently at 100 to 1000 times as compared to that of background rates. The rising need to protect both solitary and entire ecosystems has brought the issue of international biodiversity loss to the front of global politics triggering the formation of international treaties for this very particular purpose. As the discussions by politicians and scientists regarding the efforts to preserve plants and animals from human destruction, the question of whether man is morally obligated to carry out this protection has arisen. While people realize the need for them to protect the environment, there has been reluctance for this to be implemented since most people do not see the real effect of their actions and there are no laws that compel people to act responsibly towards the environment (Yamin 529)Ideally, stewardship as a justification of ecological health places man in charge of biodiversity. The proponents of this theory point out that as the vanguards of the world we have an ethical duty to protect it
Gould, Stephen. This View of Life: The Golden Rule - A Proper Scale for our Environmental Crisis. Nat Hist 9: 2011, 24-30. Print.
Michael, Martin. Is It Natural to Drive Species to Extinction? Ethics & Environment 10(1): 2005, 49-69. Print.
Yamin, Farah. Biodiversity, Ethics and International Law. Int Affairs 71(3) 2009:529-546. Print.
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