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ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY Essay Example

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ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY

The developed member states have been found to be the major polluters as compared to the less developed countries and this explains why their participation is more of concern. The developing countries are most involved in promoting environmental care campaign in their respective nations. Compare the success of the Montreal Protocol to that of the Kyoto Protocol and address the reasons for any differences in terms of National Interests of those that elected to participate and those that have not.The two protocols have a common denominator in the form of reducing the exponential rate of ozone layer depletion emissions. It is worth to note that US has been at the center stage as the global economic powerhouse in respect to the control of this climate menace issue. On the basis of cost benefit analysis US realized that it has more to lose from Kyoto protocol and therefore vehemently opposed it. On the other hand Montreal protocol was seen to be relatively friendly and proved to be acceptable by many countries. One of the issues that dogged Kyoto protocol was its monetary compensation mechanism which did not go down well with US and other nations. The conflicting interests of various participants arose from the cost/benefit analysis of the monetary consideration of Kyoto protocol against the licensing of Montreal protocol (Oberthür & Ott, 1999). On aggregate many participants promoted adoption of Montreal protocol as being effective and economical to implement.The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) provides a legal framework that empowers various countries bordering sees and oceans on how to manage them (Sands, 2003). It is important to underline the concept of natural human heritage in respect of all the resources in such waters. A property right is an exclusive legal authority vested with a given nation to own and manage all the resources within the waters which falls within their jurisdiction. It is important to note that this procedure must always be carried out in regard to the international legal policies designed by the United Nations and this is particularly focusing on the environment measures towards these seas.This is actually 200 nautical miles away from the sea coast of a given state. The state has quasi-legal authority in respect to the exploitation of various resources within this limit. The significance of the outer continental shelf is realized in the environmental protection it accords. According to the UNCLOS,

References

Bergkamp, L. (2001). Liability and environment: Private and public law aspects of civil liability for environmental harm in an international context. The Hague [u.a.: Kluwer Law International.

Kummer, K. (1999). International management of hazardous wastes: The Basel Convention and related legal rules. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press.

Kwiatkowska, B., & Netherlands Institute for the Law of the Sea. (1987). International organizations and the law of the sea: Documentary yearbook. London: Graham & Trotman.

Moore, J. N., Nordquist, M. H., & Annual seminar. Center for Oceans Law and Policy. (1999). Current maritime issues and the international maritime organization. The Hague [u.a.: Nijhoff.

Nordquist, M. H., & University of Virginia. (2012). The Law of the Sea Convention: US accession and globalization. Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.

Oberthür, S., & Ott, H. E. (1999). The Kyoto protocol: International climate policy for the 21st century : with 15 tables. Berlin [u.a.: Springer.

Reitze, A. W. (2001). Air pollution control law: Compliance and enforcement. Washington, DC: Environmental Law Institute.

Sands, P. (2003). Principles of international environmental law. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press.

United Nations Environment Programme. (2006). Handbook for the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer. Nairobi, Kenya: Ozone Secretariat.

Warner, R. (2009). Protecting the oceans beyond national jurisdiction: Strengthening the international law framework. Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.

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preview essay on ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY
  • Pages: 8 (2000 words)
  • Document Type: Essay
  • Subject: Environmental Studies
  • Level: Ph.D.
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