There have been various reforms to this Act in its various parts. Some parts have been repealed, and others removed. For example, part 1 and various sections of part 2 were repealed in 1999 and 2010 by the Pollution Control and Prevention Act 1999, and Environmental Permitting Regulations 2010.The environmental quality standards have also been adopted in legislation. These standards bring about a holistic approach to environmental protection. The standards are there to ensure that there is a certain limit of environmental pollution that should not be exceeded. It also ensures that the standards of environmental protection are realized over time. For example, the Climate Change Act 2008 sets the limits on the greenhouse gases to be emitted.The environmental laws have been taken in the form of the command and control. There have been criminal sanctions whenever an entity does contrary to what the statute says. The environmental policies are intertwined with the legislation and aids in the implementation of legislation. This interaction between policy and legislation shows that there is not a clear constitutional separation between the two (Scotford & Robinson 2013). The environmental policy in the United Kingdom is an aggregate of the old and new approaches to regulation.The policies are more flexible compared to the legislation. They also stimulate innovation in various fields of environmental protection. The United Kingdom is thereby recognized in its role of developing the New Environmental Policy Instruments (NEPIs).The government has also established the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA). This department is mandated with the development and implementation of policies meant for protecting the environment. It caters for all environmental areas including; water, noise, air, soil and land pollution each distinctively.The Environmental Protection UK is also another body concerned with environment management matters. This body is a non-governmental organization. It was formally known as the National Society for Clean Air and Environment Protection. The change of name enabled this organization to deal with all environmental matters and not limit itself to only matters of clean air.Due to various factors, there have been climatic changes in the UK. The government has then sought to
Scotford, E., & Robinson, J. (2013). UK Environmental Legislation and Its Administration in 2013—Achievements, Challenges and Prospects. Journal Of Environmental Law, 25(3), 383-409.
Scotford, E., & Oliver, R. (2013). Legislation and Policy. Environmental Law Review, 15(3), 225-229. doi:10.1350/enlr.2013.15.3.189
Bowen, A. & Rydge, J. (2011). Climate Change Policy in the United Kingdom. Economic Department Working papers no. 886.
Environmental Protection Department Ref. SA 07-002 “Review of the International Water Resources Management Policies and Actions and the Latest Practice in their Environmental Evaluation and Strategic Environmental Assessment Final Report” November 2007.
Environmental landscape. (2014). UK Country Profile.
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