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Environmental Management in a New Zealand context Essay Example

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Environmental Management in a New Zealand context

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Global concerns, on the other hand, are usually expressed through international discussions that conclude in treaties or other agreements that necessitate the adoption of certain policies or the modification of existing laws (Environmental Management in New Zealand, 2014).In the 1950s and 1960s, several new laws and responsibilities were introduced to New Zealand such as the Wildlife Act of 1953. Several new national parks were also established during this time. During the late 1960s and early 1970s, there were campaigns against hydro development, the air pollution at Christchurch, the clearfelling of a number of forests, whaling, nuclear testing, and water pollution in several harbors and beaches. Thus, new laws were consequently implemented in the 1970s from the Clean Air Act of 1972 to the National Development Act of 1979 (Environmental Management in New Zealand, 2014). In the 1980s, there has been international influence over the environmental affairs of New Zealand starting out with its affiliation with the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, or the OECD. There was also participation in international summits such as the Second Earth Summit at Rio de Janeiro held in 1992. From 1984, the country was faced with economic difficulties due to severe borrowing and so there was a call for a more efficient economy as well as joint efforts of the economic and environmental sectors in improving themselves (Environmental Management in New Zealand, 2014).Beginning in the 1940s, environmental awareness among the citizens of New Zealand seeped slowly into the consciousness of the nation. During this time, laws were passed and management responsibilities were allocated to various agencies, local authorities, committees and councils. This somehow began with the Soil Conservation and Rivers Control Act of 1941 and was followed by the formulation of other laws and the institution of other government agencies such as the Soil and Water Division of the Ministry of Works and Development, the National Water and Soil Conservation Organization, and the establishment of government subsidies in order to finance local landowners to be able to carry out flood protection, drainaige and soils controversies (Environmental Management in New Zealand, 2014).Presently, the government of New Zealand is cooperating not only with the national

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About EECA. (2014). Retrieved from the Energy Efficiency and Conservation Authority: http://www.eeca.govt.nz/about-eeca

About the OECD. (2014). Retrieved from the OECD: http://www.oecd.org/about/

Affording Our Future. (2014). Retrieved from the Treasury: http://www.treasury.govt.nz/government/longterm/fiscalposition/2013/affordingourfuture/30.htm

Chapter 4: Effects on Local Government Functions and Services. (2014). Retrieved from Ministry for the Environment: https://www.mfe.govt.nz/publications/climate/effects-impacts-may04/html/page4.html

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Environmental Management for New Zealand. (2014). Retrieved from Ministry for the Environment: https://www.mfe.govt.nz/publications/ser/ser1997/html/chapter4.2.html

ISO14000: Environmental Management. (2014). Retrieved from ISO: http://www.iso.org/iso/home/standards/management-standards/iso14000.htm

Ministry for Primary Industries. (2014). Retrieved from the Ministry for Primary Industries: http://www.mpi.govt.nz/

Natural Resource Group GIS Section. (2014). Retrieved from the Department of Conservation: http://www.doc.govt.nz/about-doc/role/maps-and-geospatial-services/natural-resource-group-gis-network/

Natural Resources. (2014). Retrieved from the Ministry of Business, Innovation & Employment: http://www.med.govt.nz/sectors-industries/natural-resources

New Zealand Conservation Authority. (2014). Retrieved from the Department of Conservation: http://www.doc.govt.nz/getting-involved/nz-conservation-authority-and-boards/nz-conservation-authority/

The Kyoto Protocol. (2014). Retrieved from Ministry for the Environment: https://www.mfe.govt.nz/issues/climate/international/kyoto-protocol.html

Welcome to the Environmental Protection Authority. (2014). Retrieved from the Environmental Protection Authority: http://www.epa.govt.nz/Pages/default.aspx

Working at the Ministry. (2014). Retrieved from Ministry for the Environment: http://www.mfe.govt.nz/about/jobs/index.html

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