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Environmental law has led the development of environmental management systems (and environmental auditing in particular) Essay Example

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Environmental law has led the development of environmental management systems (and environmental auditing in particular)

Nationally in the UK, there are two main sources of modern environmental law, the 1974 Control of Pollution Act and the Environmental Protection Act of 1990. The 1974 CPA prohibited the dumping of waste material, sewage, and other pollution in public land, rivers, and oceans, “where—(c) it is deposited on the land in such circumstances or for such a period that whoever deposited it there may reasonably be assumed to have abandoned it there or to have brought it there for the purpose of its being disposed of (whether by himself or others) as waste, shall, subject to the following subsection, be guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months or a fine not exceeding £400 or both or, on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years or a fine or both.The inevitable consequence of the passage of this act was to begin the requirement of environmental testing for private industry, as required to be in accordance with the law, and also in government, in order to monitor the compliance of industry with the law. With the increased testing and monitoring of industrial production facilities for pollution or other chemicals that might be harmful to workers, consumers, or the environment, there was developed additionally the auditing and bookkeeping methodology both in private industry and governance that tabulated and recorded the results of testing for official records. These auditing records could be used by industry on one hand to prove their compliance with national environmental law. As the focus of the law itself broadened, for example to automobile and commercial transportation emissions, this auditing and monitoring facility was broadly expanded to operate across entire sectors of industry. For example, in the Environmental Protection Act of 1990, the emissions testing requirements are broadly established in section 3 where it states:(1) The Secretary of State may make regulations under subsection (2) or (4) below establishing standards, objectives or requirements in relation to particular prescribed processes or particular substances.From this it is evident that the initial impetuous for developing an environmental monitoring and testing regime developed from consumer protection laws and industry regulation, leading to the passage of the 1974 Control of Pollution Act during the beginnings of the international environmental protection

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preview essay on Environmental law has led the development of environmental management systems (and environmental auditing in particular)
  • Pages: 6 (1500 words)
  • Document Type: Essay
  • Subject: Environmental Studies
  • Level: Undergraduate
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